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A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Isaiah 24-27

Kuruvilla Thomas
Bangalore
Published on 4 February 2020




Isaiah 24-27 Timeline
Fig. 1


Introduction

This study treats Isaiah 24-27 as a "Functional Chiasmus" in order to arrive at a coherent reconfiguration of the text. Text that is arranged in the form of a functional chiasmus must be rearranged based on certain logical principles to be correctly interpreted. A functional chiasmus is a new concept; see definition here [1]. This study also contains an exegesis of the rearranged text. If you wish to skip the technicalities of a chiastic parse, you may read starting from Part 4 of the Discussion section, which has the reconfigured text.

We will show with this chiastic reconstruction that this prophecy makes predictions about three periods: The start of the Millennial Reign of Christ, the End Times Tribulations, and the First Jewish-Roman war. The meaning of the passage is obscured both by its chiastic structure and by ambiguous language that can apply to several periods. So we will go into some detail on our parsing decisions and why we believe the chiastic subunits of this passage describe these particular periods.


Notes:
We will use the term "Judahite" to refer to the Israelites living in and around Jerusalem in the 1st century who primarily were of the tribe of Judah; We will try to avoid the term "Jew" to avoid the confusion it introduces.


Discussion

1. Presuppositions

We base our parse of Isaiah 24-27 on the assumption that it refers to 3 periods:

  1. The First Jewish–Roman War (circa 66AD–74AD). The Roman army destroyed Judah and Jerusalem and slaughtered its people.
  2. Christ's millennial reign on earth (circa 2000AD). "Babylon", Satan's capital, is defeated at the start of Christ's millennial rule.
  3. End Times Tribulation (circa 3000AD). The tribulations and the final judgement before Christ's heavenly reign.

2. Parsing the chiasmus

We will use the NIV Bible for this parse.

Parsing this chiasmus involves dividing portions of the text into three categories as above. We will call the period of First Jewish-Roman War Period 1, Christ's millennial reign Period 2 and the End Times Tribulation Period 3.


Categorizing Isaiah 24-27

Ch 24 Vs 1-9 appears to belong to Period 3. This section describes devastating calamities that affect the heavens and the whole earth. The inclusion of heavenly signs here echo the astronomical calamities we have seen in other passages about this end times period (Matthew 24:29) [3].

Ch 24 Vs 10-13 belong to Period 1. The desolation of Jerusalem and Judah. The scope of the geography narrows to a city and the surrounding land. ( The word translated as "earth" in this passage could also be translated to "land".). While this could refer to a number of cities, we feel it is about the devastation of Jerusalem because we expect to see it in chiastic passages.

Ch 24 Vs 14-16a belong to Period 2. Praise to the God of Israel from around the world. This is a celebration from the entire earth because people see the goodness of the "Righteous one" of Israel.

Ch 24 Vs 16b-18a belong to Period 1. The personal nature of the cry of loss in this section indicates that it is about God's, and the prophet's, own people. The prophet mourns the suffering and death of the people of Judea at the hands of the Romans.

Ch 24 Vs 18b - Ch 25 Vs 8 belong to Period 3. The scope of this section broadens to the whole world in chapter 24, as, once again, we see worldwide tribulations and astronomical signs. Isaiah 25 begins with song of praise suitable for the end of Christ's reign on earth. Verses 6-8 are about the start of the heavenly reign of Christ.

Ch 25 Vs 9 - Ch 26 Vs 21 belong to Period 1. We believe that the section in Chapter 25 is about Judah because Moab, Israel's traditional enemy, is referenced. Isaiah 26 appears to be a song of praise by Judea's Christians (Isaiah 26:1); they escaped Jerusalem's fate by fleeing to the mountains as Christ had instructed.

Ch 27 belongs to Period 2. The start of Christ's Millennial reign. Christ will destroy Israel's enemies and will gather the Israelites into the new Israel


Original text

We color-code the chiastic units of the original text (NIV) below for easy visual identification using: red for Period 1, blue for Period 2 and green for Period 3.


Isaiah 24 1 See, the Lord is going to lay waste the earth and devastate it; he will ruin its face and scatter its inhabitants— 2 it will be the same for priest as for people, for the master as for his servant, for the mistress as for her servant, for seller as for buyer, for borrower as for lender, for debtor as for creditor. 3 The earth will be completely laid waste and totally plundered. The Lord has spoken this word.
4 The earth dries up and withers, the world languishes and withers, the heavens languish with the earth. 5 The earth is defiled by its people; they have disobeyed the laws, violated the statutes and broken the everlasting covenant. 6 Therefore a curse consumes the earth; its people must bear their guilt. Therefore earth’s inhabitants are burned up, and very few are left. 7 The new wine dries up and the vine withers; all the merrymakers groan. 8 The joyful timbrels are stilled, the noise of the revelers has stopped, the joyful harp is silent. 9 No longer do they drink wine with a song; the beer is bitter to its drinkers.

10 The ruined city lies desolate; the entrance to every house is barred. 11 In the streets they cry out for wine; all joy turns to gloom, all joyful sounds are banished from the earth. 12 The city is left in ruins, its gate is battered to pieces. 13 So will it be on the earth and among the nations, as when an olive tree is beaten, or as when gleanings are left after the grape harvest.
14 They raise their voices, they shout for joy; from the west they acclaim the Lord’s majesty. 15 Therefore in the east give glory to the Lord; exalt the name of the Lord, the God of Israel, in the islands of the sea. 16a From the ends of the earth we hear singing: “Glory to the Righteous One.”
16b But I said, “I waste away, I waste away! Woe to me! The treacherous betray! With treachery the treacherous betray!” 17 Terror and pit and snare await you, people of the earth. 18a Whoever flees at the sound of terror will fall into a pit; whoever climbs out of the pit will be caught in a snare.
18b The floodgates of the heavens are opened, the foundations of the earth shake. 19 The earth is broken up, the earth is split asunder, the earth is violently shaken. 20 The earth reels like a drunkard, it sways like a hut in the wind; so heavy upon it is the guilt of its rebellion that it falls—never to rise again.
21 In that day the Lord will punish the powers in the heavens above and the kings on the earth below. 22 They will be herded together like prisoners bound in a dungeon; they will be shut up in prison and be punished after many days. 23 The moon will be dismayed, the sun ashamed; for the Lord Almighty will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and before its elders—with great glory.


Isaiah 25 1 Lord, you are my God; I will exalt you and praise your name, for in perfect faithfulness you have done wonderful things, things planned long ago. 2 You have made the city a heap of rubble, the fortified town a ruin, the foreigners’ stronghold a city no more; it will never be rebuilt. 3 Therefore strong peoples will honor you; cities of ruthless nations will revere you. 4 You have been a refuge for the poor, a refuge for the needy in their distress, a shelter from the storm and a shade from the heat. For the breath of the ruthless is like a storm driving against a wall 5 and like the heat of the desert. You silence the uproar of foreigners; as heat is reduced by the shadow of a cloud, so the song of the ruthless is stilled.
6 On this mountain the Lord Almighty will prepare a feast of rich food for all peoples, a banquet of aged wine— the best of meats and the finest of wines. 7 On this mountain he will destroy the shroud that enfolds all peoples, the sheet that covers all nations; 8 he will swallow up death forever. The Sovereign Lord will wipe away the tears from all faces; he will remove his people’s disgrace from all the earth. The Lord has spoken.

9 In that day they will say,
“Surely this is our God; we trusted in him, and he saved us. This is the Lord, we trusted in him; let us rejoice and be glad in his salvation.”
10 The hand of the Lord will rest on this mountain; but Moab will be trampled in their land as straw is trampled down in the manure. 11 They will stretch out their hands in it, as swimmers stretch out their hands to swim. God will bring down their pride despite the cleverness of their hands. 12 He will bring down your high fortified walls and lay them low; he will bring them down to the ground, to the very dust.


Isaiah 26 1 In that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah:
We have a strong city; God makes salvation its walls and ramparts. 2 Open the gates that the righteous nation may enter, the nation that keeps faith. 3 You will keep in perfect peace those whose minds are steadfast, because they trust in you.
...
(Verses 4-19 omitted)
...
20 Go, my people, enter your rooms and shut the doors behind you; hide yourselves for a little while until his wrath has passed by. 21 See, the Lord is coming out of his dwelling to punish the people of the earth for their sins. The earth will disclose the blood shed on it; the earth will conceal its slain no longer.


Isaiah 27 1 In that day,
the Lord will punish with his sword— his fierce, great and powerful sword— Leviathan the gliding serpent, Leviathan the coiling serpent; he will slay the monster of the sea.
2 In that day—
“Sing about a fruitful vineyard: 3 I, the Lord, watch over it; I water it continually. I guard it day and night so that no one may harm it.
...
(Verses 4-11 omitted)
...
12 In that day the Lord will thresh from the flowing Euphrates to the Wadi of Egypt, and you, Israel, will be gathered up one by one. 13 And in that day a great trumpet will sound. Those who were perishing in Assyria and those who were exiled in Egypt will come and worship the Lord on the holy mountain in Jerusalem.



3. Building the reconfigured text


From this parse, it appears that Isaiah 24-27 form a Functional chiasmus as below:

A1   Ch 24 Vs 1-9 Period 3. End times Tribulations.
  B1   Ch 24 Vs 10-13 Period 1. The desolation of Jerusalem.
    X   Ch 24 Vs 14-16a Period 2. Praise to the "Righteous One" of Israel.
  B2   Ch 24 Vs 16b-18a Period 1. A cry of loss at the devastation of Jerusalem.
A2   Ch 24 Vs 18b - Ch 25 Vs 8 Period 3. A song of praise for Christ at the end of the Millennial reign.


We now reconstruct the phrases in the right order based on the chiastic structure above and based on the ordering rules of a functional chiasmus [1].

We lead with central pivot point 'X'. The corresponding subunits (For example; subunit A1 corresponds to A2) are placed contiguously to form units (For example, A1,A2 is a unit ) so that we get a list of such units.


The sequence selected for rearrangement is:

X  [B1,B2]  [A1,A2]        (1)

Note: We choose the reverse order for our units so that we get another functional chiasmus with the rest of the prophecy.The rules of Functional Chiasmi allow this.


We have the following sequence when we include the rest of the prophecy:
X - Period 2
[B1,B2] - Period 1
[A1,A2] - Period 3
Ch 25 Vs 9 - Ch 26 Vs 21 - Period 1. The Christians of Judea praise God.
Ch 27 - Period 2. The Israelite tribes are gathered into the new Israel.


We still have text for the periods in a non-contiguous form. We can treat this as a doubly applied functional chiasmus as below.


M1   X - Period 2
  N1   [B1,B2] - Period 1
   XX   [A1,A2]               - Period 3
  N2   Ch 25 Vs 9 - Ch 26 Vs 21 - Period 1
M2   Ch 27 - Period 2

The sequence selected for rearrangement is:
XX  [M1,M2]  [N1,N2]        (2)


Translating this sequence (2) into the subunits of the first chiasmus, we get:

[A1,A2]  [X, Ch 27]   [[B1,B2], Ch 25 Vs 9 - Ch 26 Vs 21]        (3)

Further translating (3) into verse numbers, we get:

[Ch 24 Vs 1-9, Ch 24 Vs 18b - Ch 25 Vs 8 ]  [Ch 24 Vs 14-16a, Ch 27]   [[Ch 24 Vs 10-13, Ch 24 Vs 16b-18a], Ch 25 Vs 9 - Ch 26 Vs 21]        (4)

We arrive at the reconfigured passage in the next section by rearranging the verses so they are in sequence (4).



4. Isaiah 24-27 Reconfigured

End Times Tribulation (circa 3000AD).(Ch 24 Vs 1-9, Ch 24 Vs 18b - Ch 25 Vs 8 )
Chapter 24 1 See, the Lord is going to lay waste the earth and devastate it; he will ruin its face and scatter its inhabitants— 2 it will be the same for priest as for people, for the master as for his servant, for the mistress as for her servant, for seller as for buyer, for borrower as for lender, for debtor as for creditor. 3 The earth will be completely laid waste and totally plundered. The Lord has spoken this word.
4 The earth dries up and withers, the world languishes and withers, the heavens languish with the earth. 5 The earth is defiled by its people; they have disobeyed the laws, violated the statutes and broken the everlasting covenant. 6 Therefore a curse consumes the earth; its people must bear their guilt. Therefore earth’s inhabitants are burned up, and very few are left. 7 The new wine dries up and the vine withers; all the merrymakers groan. 8 The joyful timbrels are stilled, the noise of the revelers has stopped, the joyful harp is silent. 9 No longer do they drink wine with a song; the beer is bitter to its drinkers.


Chapter 24 18b The floodgates of the heavens are opened, the foundations of the earth shake. 19 The earth is broken up, the earth is split asunder, the earth is violently shaken. 20 The earth reels like a drunkard, it sways like a hut in the wind; so heavy upon it is the guilt of its rebellion that it falls—never to rise again.
21 In that day the Lord will punish the powers in the heavens above and the kings on the earth below. 22 They will be herded together like prisoners bound in a dungeon; they will be shut up in prison and be punished after many days. 23 The moon will be dismayed, the sun ashamed; for the Lord Almighty will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and before its elders—with great glory.


Chapter 25 1 Lord, you are my God; I will exalt you and praise your name, for in perfect faithfulness you have done wonderful things, things planned long ago. 2 You have made the city a heap of rubble, the fortified town a ruin, the foreigners’ stronghold a city no more; it will never be rebuilt. 3 Therefore strong peoples will honor you; cities of ruthless nations will revere you. 4 You have been a refuge for the poor, a refuge for the needy in their distress, a shelter from the storm and a shade from the heat. For the breath of the ruthless is like a storm driving against a wall 5 and like the heat of the desert. You silence the uproar of foreigners; as heat is reduced by the shadow of a cloud, so the song of the ruthless is stilled.
6 On this mountain the Lord Almighty will prepare a feast of rich food for all peoples, a banquet of aged wine— the best of meats and the finest of wines. 7 On this mountain he will destroy the shroud that enfolds all peoples, the sheet that covers all nations; 8 he will swallow up death forever. The Sovereign Lord will wipe away the tears from all faces; he will remove his people’s disgrace from all the earth. The Lord has spoken.



Christ's millennial reign on earth (circa 2000AD). (Ch 24 Vs 14-16a, Ch 27)
Chapter 24 14 They raise their voices, they shout for joy; from the west they acclaim the Lord’s majesty. 15 Therefore in the east give glory to the Lord; exalt the name of the Lord, the God of Israel, in the islands of the sea. 16a From the ends of the earth we hear singing: “Glory to the Righteous One.”

Chapter 27 1 In that day,
the Lord will punish with his sword— his fierce, great and powerful sword— Leviathan the gliding serpent, Leviathan the coiling serpent; he will slay the monster of the sea.
2 In that day—
“Sing about a fruitful vineyard: 3 I, the Lord, watch over it; I water it continually. I guard it day and night so that no one may harm it.
...
(Verses 4-11 omitted)
...
12 In that day the Lord will thresh from the flowing Euphrates to the Wadi of Egypt, and you, Israel, will be gathered up one by one. 13 And in that day a great trumpet will sound. Those who were perishing in Assyria and those who were exiled in Egypt will come and worship the Lord on the holy mountain in Jerusalem.


The First Jewish–Roman War (circa 66AD–74AD). (Ch 24 Vs 10-13, Ch 24 Vs 16b-18a, Ch 25 Vs 9 - Ch 26 Vs 21)
Chapter 24 10 The ruined city lies desolate; the entrance to every house is barred. 11 In the streets they cry out for wine; all joy turns to gloom, all joyful sounds are banished from the earth. 12 The city is left in ruins, its gate is battered to pieces. 13 So will it be on the earth and among the nations, as when an olive tree is beaten, or as when gleanings are left after the grape harvest.

Chapter 24 16b But I said, “I waste away, I waste away! Woe to me! The treacherous betray! With treachery the treacherous betray!” 17 Terror and pit and snare await you, people of the earth. 18a Whoever flees at the sound of terror will fall into a pit; whoever climbs out of the pit will be caught in a snare.

Chapter 25 9 In that day they will say,
“Surely this is our God; we trusted in him, and he saved us. This is the Lord, we trusted in him; let us rejoice and be glad in his salvation.”
10 The hand of the Lord will rest on this mountain; but Moab will be trampled in their land as straw is trampled down in the manure. 11 They will stretch out their hands in it, as swimmers stretch out their hands to swim. God will bring down their pride despite the cleverness of their hands. 12 He will bring down your high fortified walls and lay them low; he will bring them down to the ground, to the very dust.


Chapter 26 1 In that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah:
We have a strong city; God makes salvation its walls and ramparts. 2 Open the gates that the righteous nation may enter, the nation that keeps faith. 3 You will keep in perfect peace those whose minds are steadfast, because they trust in you.
...
(Verses 4-19 omitted)
...
20 Go, my people, enter your rooms and shut the doors behind you; hide yourselves for a little while until his wrath has passed by. 21 See, the Lord is coming out of his dwelling to punish the people of the earth for their sins. The earth will disclose the blood shed on it; the earth will conceal its slain no longer.




5. An exegesis of the reconfigured text.

The passage has been split into 3 sections as above for analysis.

5.1 End Times Tribulation (circa 3000AD).(Ch 24 Vs 1-9, Ch 24 Vs 18b - Ch 25 Vs 8 )

Chapter 24 1 See, the Lord is going to lay waste the earth and devastate it; he will ruin its face and scatter its inhabitants— 2 it will be the same for priest as for people, for the master as for his servant, for the mistress as for her servant, for seller as for buyer, for borrower as for lender, for debtor as for creditor. 3 The earth will be completely laid waste and totally plundered. The Lord has spoken this word.

In the last days, the earth will be devastated and all the people in it will suffer equally no matter who they are. We believe the Christian faithful will be raptured out by this time based on other reconstructions like that of the Olivet discourse [3].



Chapter 24 4 The earth dries up and withers, the world languishes and withers, the heavens languish with the earth. 5 The earth is defiled by its people; they have disobeyed the laws, violated the statutes and broken the everlasting covenant. 6 Therefore a curse consumes the earth; its people must bear their guilt. Therefore earth’s inhabitants are burned up, and very few are left. 7 The new wine dries up and the vine withers; all the merrymakers groan. 8 The joyful timbrels are stilled, the noise of the revelers has stopped, the joyful harp is silent. 9 No longer do they drink wine with a song; the beer is bitter to its drinkers.

Along with the earthly calamities, there will be terrifying signs in the heavens. The greatly diminished population of earth will be despondent from the suffering they bear for their sins.



Chapter 24 18b The floodgates of the heavens are opened, the foundations of the earth shake. 19 The earth is broken up, the earth is split asunder, the earth is violently shaken. 20 The earth reels like a drunkard, it sways like a hut in the wind; so heavy upon it is the guilt of its rebellion that it falls—never to rise again.
21 In that day the Lord will punish the powers in the heavens above and the kings on the earth below. 22 They will be herded together like prisoners bound in a dungeon; they will be shut up in prison and be punished after many days. 23 The moon will be dismayed, the sun ashamed; for the Lord Almighty will reign on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, and before its elders—with great glory.

The leadership of the earth and their controllers in the spiritual realm will be punished. Christ will appear in great glory for the final judgement



Chapter 25 1 Lord, you are my God; I will exalt you and praise your name, for in perfect faithfulness you have done wonderful things, things planned long ago. 2 You have made the city a heap of rubble, the fortified town a ruin, the foreigners’ stronghold a city no more; it will never be rebuilt. 3 Therefore strong peoples will honor you; cities of ruthless nations will revere you.

Chapter 25 begins with song of praise appropriate for the end of Christ's reign on earth. The city here is the seat of power from which Satan ruled the world at the start of the Millennial reign of Christ - most likely the Vatican. God is revered around the world for destroying this evil, powerful city forever.



Chapter 25 4 You have been a refuge for the poor, a refuge for the needy in their distress, a shelter from the storm and a shade from the heat. For the breath of the ruthless is like a storm driving against a wall 5 and like the heat of the desert. You silence the uproar of foreigners; as heat is reduced by the shadow of a cloud, so the song of the ruthless is stilled.

Christ has been a protector of the poor and weak of the world from those who try to take advantage of them or destroy them.



Chapter 25 6 On this mountain the Lord Almighty will prepare a feast of rich food for all peoples, a banquet of aged wine— the best of meats and the finest of wines. 7 On this mountain he will destroy the shroud that enfolds all peoples, the sheet that covers all nations; 8 he will swallow up death forever. The Sovereign Lord will wipe away the tears from all faces; he will remove his people’s disgrace from all the earth. The Lord has spoken.

In the glorious heavenly Kingdom under Christ, there will be no more suffering and death. The veil between the heavenly and the earthly will be lifted.



5.2 Christ's millennial reign on earth (circa 2000AD). (Ch 24 Vs 14-16a, Ch 27)

Chapter 24 14 They raise their voices, they shout for joy; from the west they acclaim the Lord’s majesty. 15 Therefore in the east give glory to the Lord; exalt the name of the Lord, the God of Israel, in the islands of the sea. 16a From the ends of the earth we hear singing: “Glory to the Righteous One.”

A celebration of the greatness of the "Righteous one" of Israel from people around the world.



Chapter 27 1 In that day,
the Lord will punish with his sword— his fierce, great and powerful sword— Leviathan the gliding serpent, Leviathan the coiling serpent; he will slay the monster of the sea.

"Leviathan" or "Dragon" is another name for Satan (see Revelation 12:9, 20:2) who was defeated at the start of Christ's reign.



Chapter 27 2 In that day—
“Sing about a fruitful vineyard: 3 I, the Lord, watch over it; I water it continually. I guard it day and night so that no one may harm it.
4 I am not angry. If only there were briers and thorns confronting me! I would march against them in battle; I would set them all on fire. 5 Or else let them come to me for refuge; let them make peace with me, yes, let them make peace with me.” 6 In days to come Jacob will take root, Israel will bud and blossom and fill all the world with fruit.

Christ will nurture the new Israel, the fruitful vineyard, which consists of the tribes of Israel and faithful Christians. In keeping with the vineyard metaphor, briers and thorns represent peoples hostile to Christ's message. They have the option of making peace with Christ or being destroyed. Israel will be a successful nation that serves the world.



Chapter 27 7 Has the Lord struck her as he struck down those who struck her? Has she been killed as those were killed who killed her? 8 By warfare and exile you contend with her— with his fierce blast he drives her out, as on a day the east wind blows. 9 By this, then, will Jacob’s guilt be atoned for, and this will be the full fruit of the removal of his sin: When he makes all the altar stones to be like limestone crushed to pieces, no Asherah poles or incense altars will be left standing.

God has punished Israel for its sins but He has been kinder to Israel than to its enemies. At the time of Christ's reign, the Israelites will stop being a pagan, idol worshipping nation.



Chapter 27 10 The fortified city stands desolate, an abandoned settlement, forsaken like the wilderness; there the calves graze, there they lie down; they strip its branches bare. 11 When its twigs are dry, they are broken off and women come and make fires with them. For this is a people without understanding; so their Maker has no compassion on them, and their Creator shows them no favor.

The fortified city, Satan's capital from which he rules the world, will be destroyed forever. God will abandon people who choose Satan as their Lord.



Chapter 27 12 In that day the Lord will thresh from the flowing Euphrates to the Wadi of Egypt, and you, Israel, will be gathered up one by one. 13 And in that day a great trumpet will sound. Those who were perishing in Assyria and those who were exiled in Egypt will come and worship the Lord on the holy mountain in Jerusalem.

The Israelites, who are spread throughout the world, will once again unite in the New Israel.




5.3 The First Jewish–Roman War (circa 66AD–74AD). (Ch 24 Vs 10-13, Ch 24 Vs 16b-18a, Ch 25 Vs 9 - Ch 26 Vs 21)

Chapter 24 10 The ruined city lies desolate; the entrance to every house is barred. 11 In the streets they cry out for wine; all joy turns to gloom, all joyful sounds are banished from the earth. 12 The city is left in ruins, its gate is battered to pieces. 13 So will it be on the earth and among the nations, as when an olive tree is beaten, or as when gleanings are left after the grape harvest.

The Romans destroyed Jerusalem and killed off most of the population of Judah. (Verse 13a can be re translated, "So will it be on the land and among the people")



Chapter 24 16b But I said, “I waste away, I waste away! Woe to me! The treacherous betray! With treachery the treacherous betray!” 17 Terror and pit and snare await you, people of the earth. 18a Whoever flees at the sound of terror will fall into a pit; whoever climbs out of the pit will be caught in a snare.

During the Roman siege of Jerusalem, internecine fighting between Jewish factions resulted in the deaths of many Judahites. One faction destroyed food stocks in an effort to force the people of Jerusalem to fight the Romans. And any Judahites caught trying to escape starvation and certain death in Jerusalem were brutally executed by the Romans.



Chapter 25 9 In that day they will say,
“Surely this is our God; we trusted in him, and he saved us. This is the Lord, we trusted in him; let us rejoice and be glad in his salvation.”
10 The hand of the Lord will rest on this mountain; but Moab will be trampled in their land as straw is trampled down in the manure. 11 They will stretch out their hands in it, as swimmers stretch out their hands to swim. God will bring down their pride despite the cleverness of their hands. 12 He will bring down your high fortified walls and lay them low; he will bring them down to the ground, to the very dust.

The Christians of Judah sing God's praise, because they escaped death by obeying Christ's instruction to flee. Moab, Israel's constant enemy, here represents the enemy of Christians - Satan and his worshippers. Satan's capital. his fortified city, will eventually be destroyed and its people brought low.



Chapter 26 1 In that day this song will be sung in the land of Judah:
We have a strong city; God makes salvation its walls and ramparts. 2 Open the gates that the righteous nation may enter, the nation that keeps faith. 3 You will keep in perfect peace those whose minds are steadfast, because they trust in you. 4 Trust in the Lord forever, for the Lord, the Lord himself, is the Rock eternal.

Isaiah 26 is a song of praise by the people of Judah who are saved by their faith in Christ. The "city" in this passage represents the community of faithful Christians.



Chapter 26 5 He humbles those who dwell on high, he lays the lofty city low; he levels it to the ground and casts it down to the dust. 6 Feet trample it down— the feet of the oppressed, the footsteps of the poor. 7 The path of the righteous is level; you, the Upright One, make the way of the righteous smooth. 8 Yes, Lord, walking in the way of your laws, we wait for you; your name and renown are the desire of our hearts. 9 My soul yearns for you in the night; in the morning my spirit longs for you. When your judgments come upon the earth, the people of the world learn righteousness. 10 But when grace is shown to the wicked, they do not learn righteousness; even in a land of uprightness they go on doing evil and do not regard the majesty of the Lord. 11 Lord, your hand is lifted high, but they do not see it. Let them see your zeal for your people and be put to shame; let the fire reserved for your enemies consume them.

The path of the righteous will be made smooth but God will punish the wicked.



Chapter 26 12 Lord, you establish peace for us; all that we have accomplished you have done for us. 13 Lord our God, other lords besides you have ruled over us, but your name alone do we honor. 14 They are now dead, they live no more; their spirits do not rise. You punished them and brought them to ruin; you wiped out all memory of them. 15 You have enlarged the nation, Lord; you have enlarged the nation. You have gained glory for yourself; you have extended all the borders of the land.

When the Judahites became Christian, they stopped worshipping pagan gods. The Christian "nation" has grown through the preaching of the Christ's Gospel.



Chapter 26 16 Lord, they came to you in their distress; when you disciplined them, they could barely whisper a prayer. 17 As a pregnant woman about to give birth writhes and cries out in her pain, so were we in your presence, Lord. 18 We were with child, we writhed in labor, but we gave birth to wind. We have not brought salvation to the earth, and the people of the world have not come to life. 19 But your dead will live, Lord; their bodies will rise— let those who dwell in the dust wake up and shout for joy— your dew is like the dew of the morning; the earth will give birth to her dead.

The people of earth can only be saved by a belief in Christ. Those who die in Christ will rise once again to eternal life.



Chapter 26 20 Go, my people, enter your rooms and shut the doors behind you; hide yourselves for a little while until his wrath has passed by. 21 See, the Lord is coming out of his dwelling to punish the people of the earth for their sins. The earth will disclose the blood shed on it; the earth will conceal its slain no longer.

This last section of Chapter 26 is an epilogue to this song of praise. The Christians of Judea are advised to remain in hiding for a little longer until God's anger at the Judahites - those who did not believe in Christ - had passed. As we have seen in our parse of the "70 weeks of Daniel" [2], they had to remain in hiding for about 3 1/2 years. The guilt of the Judahites had been made visible and God used the Romans to punish them for their sins.




Conclusion

This paper is a chiastic reconstruction of the text which shows that the passage contains three interwoven prophetic passages. We have seen these same three Periods (70AD, 2000AD, 3000AD) in several other chiastic reconstruction such as Isaiah 13-14 [4]. As in Isaiah 13-14 [4], this passage emphasizes the end of Satan's rule over earth, as all three Periods of the prophecy mention the fall of Satan's capital city, "Babylon", at the start of the Millennial reign of Christ.



References

[1] A Definition of Functional Chiasmus
[2] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of "The 70 Weeks Of Daniel"
[3] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of "The Olivet Discourse" in Matthew 24
[4] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Isaiah 13-14










Related pages

Daniel 9
Mark 13
Luke 21
Luke 17:22-37
Functional Chiasmus