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A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Isaiah 10-12

Kuruvilla Thomas
Bangalore
Published on 21 January 2020




Isaiah 10-12 Timeline
Fig. 1


Introduction

This study treats Isaiah 10:5-12:6 as a "Functional Chiasmus" in order to arrive at a coherent reconfiguration of the text. Text that is arranged in the form of a functional chiasmus must be rearranged based on certain logical principles to be correctly interpreted. A functional chiasmus is a new concept; see definition here [1]. This study also contains an exegesis of the rearranged text. If you wish to skip the technicalities of a chiastic parse, you may read starting from Part 4 of the Discussion section, which has the reconfigured text.

This prophecy predicts Sennacherib's aborted siege on Jerusalem and provides additional details on Christ's millennial reign.


Notes:
We will use the term "Judahite" to refer to the Israelites living in and around Jerusalem in the 1st century who primarily were of the tribe of Judah; We will try to avoid the term "Jew" to avoid the confusion it introduces.


Discussion

1. Presuppositions

We base our parse of Isaiah 10:5-12:6 on the assumption that it refers to 3 periods:

  1. Sennacherib launches a campaign against Judah and Jerusalem but is forced to withdraw (c. 701 BC).
  2. The First Jewish–Roman War (circa 66AD–74AD). The Roman army began their siege of Jerusalem in 70 AD and completely destroyed the city and its people shortly thereafter.
  3. Christ's millennial reign on earth (circa 2000AD).

2. Parsing the chiasmus

We will use the NIV Bible for this parse.

Parsing this chiasmus involves dividing portions of the text into three categories as above. We will call the period of Sennacherib's Siege of Jerusalem Period 1, the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD Period 2 and Christ's millennial reign Period 3.


Categorizing Isaiah 10:5-12:6

Ch 10 Vs 5-19 belong to Period 1. The Assyrian king will be humbled

Ch 10 Vs 20-22a belong to Period 3. The people of the Northern tribes will return to their God.

Ch 10 Vs 22b-23 appears to belong to Period 2. The First Jewish-Roman war and the sacking of Jerusalem.

Ch 10 Vs 24-27 belongs to Period 3. Before the the Millennial reign, the "Assyrians" of the time will be crushed

Ch 10 Vs 28-34 belongs to Period 1. Assyrian attack on Judah and their aborted siege on Jerusalem.

Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3 belongs to Period 3. The Millennial reign of Christ.

Ch 12 Vs 4-6 appears to belong to Period 1. Praise for God's goodness to Israel.


Original text

We color-code the chiastic units of the original text (NIV) below for easy visual identification using: red for Period 1, blue for Period 2 and green for Period 3.


Isaiah 10 5 “Woe to the Assyrian, the rod of my anger, in whose hand is the club of my wrath! 6 I send him against a godless nation, I dispatch him against a people who anger me, to seize loot and snatch plunder, and to trample them down like mud in the streets. 7 But this is not what he intends, this is not what he has in mind; his purpose is to destroy, to put an end to many nations. 8 ‘Are not my commanders all kings?’ he says. 9 ‘Has not Kalno fared like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad, and Samaria like Damascus? 10 As my hand seized the kingdoms of the idols, kingdoms whose images excelled those of Jerusalem and Samaria— 11 shall I not deal with Jerusalem and her images as I dealt with Samaria and her idols?’”
12 When the Lord has finished all his work against Mount Zion and Jerusalem, he will say, “I will punish the king of Assyria for the willful pride of his heart and the haughty look in his eyes. 13 For he says:
“‘By the strength of my hand I have done this, and by my wisdom, because I have understanding. I removed the boundaries of nations, I plundered their treasures; like a mighty one I subdued their kings. 14 As one reaches into a nest, so my hand reached for the wealth of the nations; as people gather abandoned eggs, so I gathered all the countries; not one flapped a wing, or opened its mouth to chirp.’”
15 Does the ax raise itself above the person who swings it, or the saw boast against the one who uses it? As if a rod were to wield the person who lifts it up, or a club brandish the one who is not wood! 16 Therefore, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will send a wasting disease upon his sturdy warriors; under his pomp a fire will be kindled like a blazing flame. 17 The Light of Israel will become a fire, their Holy One a flame; in a single day it will burn and consume his thorns and his briers. 18 The splendor of his forests and fertile fields it will completely destroy, as when a sick person wastes away. 19 And the remaining trees of his forests will be so few that a child could write them down.

20 In that day the remnant of Israel, the survivors of Jacob, will no longer rely on him who struck them down but will truly rely on the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. 21 A remnant will return, a remnant of Jacob will return to the Mighty God. 22a Though your people be like the sand by the sea, Israel, only a remnant will return.
22b Destruction has been decreed, overwhelming and righteous. 23 The Lord, the Lord Almighty, will carry out the destruction decreed upon the whole land.
24 Therefore this is what the Lord, the Lord Almighty, says:
“My people who live in Zion, do not be afraid of the Assyrians, who beat you with a rod and lift up a club against you, as Egypt did. 25 Very soon my anger against you will end and my wrath will be directed to their destruction.”
26 The Lord Almighty will lash them with a whip, as when he struck down Midian at the rock of Oreb; and he will raise his staff over the waters, as he did in Egypt. 27 In that day their burden will be lifted from your shoulders, their yoke from your neck; the yoke will be broken because you have grown so fat.

28 They enter Aiath; they pass through Migron; they store supplies at Mikmash. 29 They go over the pass, and say, “We will camp overnight at Geba.” Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees. 30 Cry out, Daughter Gallim! Listen, Laishah! Poor Anathoth! 31 Madmenah is in flight; the people of Gebim take cover. 32 This day they will halt at Nob; they will shake their fist at the mount of Daughter Zion, at the hill of Jerusalem.
33 See, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled, the tall ones will be brought low. 34 He will cut down the forest thickets with an ax; Lebanon will fall before the Mighty One.


Isaiah 11 A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. 2 The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him— the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of might, the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the Lord— 3 and he will delight in the fear of the Lord.
He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes, or decide by what he hears with his ears;
...
(Verses 4-14 omitted)
...
15 The Lord will dry up the gulf of the Egyptian sea; with a scorching wind he will sweep his hand over the Euphrates River. He will break it up into seven streams so that anyone can cross over in sandals. 16 There will be a highway for the remnant of his people that is left from Assyria, as there was for Israel when they came up from Egypt.


Isaiah 12 In that day you will say:
“I will praise you, Lord. Although you were angry with me, your anger has turned away and you have comforted me. 2 Surely God is my salvation; I will trust and not be afraid. The Lord, the Lord himself, is my strength and my defense; he has become my salvation.” 3 With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation.

4 In that day you will say:
“Give praise to the Lord, proclaim his name; make known among the nations what he has done, and proclaim that his name is exalted. 5 Sing to the Lord, for he has done glorious things; let this be known to all the world. 6 Shout aloud and sing for joy, people of Zion, for great is the Holy One of Israel among you.”




3. Building the reconfigured text


From this parse, it appears that Isaiah 10:5-12:6 form a Functional chiasmus as below:

A1   Ch 10 Vs 5-19 Period 1. The Assyrian will be humbled.
  B1   Ch 10 Vs 20-22a Period 3. The people of the Northern tribes will return to their God.
    X   Ch 10 Vs 22b-23 Period 2. The First Jewish-Roman war and the sacking of Jerusalem.
  B2   Ch 10 Vs 24-27 Period 3. The "Assyrians" will be crushed at the start of Christ's reign.
A2   Ch 10 Vs 28-34 Period 1. Assyrian attack on Judah and their forced withdrawal.


We now reconstruct the phrases in the right order based on the chiastic structure above and based on the ordering rules of a functional chiasmus [1].

We usually lead with the pivot point but for this reconstruction we will add the central pivot point 'X' at the end so that we get another chiasmus with the rest of the prophecy (the rules of Functional Chiasmi [1] allow this ). The corresponding subunits (For example; subunit A1 corresponds to A2) are placed contiguously to form units (For example, A1,A2 is a unit ) so that we get a list of such units.


The sequence selected for rearrangement is:

[A1,A2]  [B1,B2]  X        (1)

We have the following sequence when we include the rest of the prophecy:
[A1,A2] - Period 1
[B1,B2] - Period 3
X         - Period 2
Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3 - Period 3. Millennial reign
Ch 12 Vs 4-6 - Period 1. Praise for God's goodness to Israel.


We still have text for the periods in a non-contiguous form. We can treat this as a doubly applied functional chiasmus as below.


M1   [A1,A2] - Period 1
  N1   [B1,B2] - Period 3
   XX   X           - Period 2
  N2   Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3 - Period 3
M2   Ch 12 Vs 4-6 - Period 1

The sequence selected for rearrangement is:
XX  [M1,M2]  [N1,N2]        (2)


Translating this sequence (2) into the subunits of the first chiasmus, we get:

[X]  [[A1,A2], Ch 12 Vs 4-6]   [[B1,B2], Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3]        (3)

Further translating (3) into verse numbers, we get:

[Ch 10 Vs 22b-23]  [[Ch 10 Vs 5-19,Ch 10 Vs 28-34], Ch 12 Vs 4-6]   [[Ch 10 Vs 20-22a,Ch 10 Vs 24-27], Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3]        (4)

We arrive at the reconfigured passage in the next section by rearranging the verses so they are in sequence (4).



4. Isaiah 10:5-12:6 Reconfigured

The First Jewish–Roman War (circa 66AD–74AD).(Ch 10 Vs 22b-23)
Chapter 10 22b Destruction has been decreed, overwhelming and righteous. 23 The Lord, the Lord Almighty, will carry out the destruction decreed upon the whole land.

Sennacherib's Siege of Jerusalem (circa 701BC) (Ch 10 Vs 5-19, Ch 10 Vs 28-34, Ch 12 Vs 4-6)
Chapter 10 5 “Woe to the Assyrian, the rod of my anger, in whose hand is the club of my wrath! 6 I send him against a godless nation, I dispatch him against a people who anger me, to seize loot and snatch plunder, and to trample them down like mud in the streets. 7 But this is not what he intends, this is not what he has in mind; his purpose is to destroy, to put an end to many nations. 8 ‘Are not my commanders all kings?’ he says. 9 ‘Has not Kalno fared like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad, and Samaria like Damascus? 10 As my hand seized the kingdoms of the idols, kingdoms whose images excelled those of Jerusalem and Samaria— 11 shall I not deal with Jerusalem and her images as I dealt with Samaria and her idols?’”
12 When the Lord has finished all his work against Mount Zion and Jerusalem, he will say, “I will punish the king of Assyria for the willful pride of his heart and the haughty look in his eyes. 13 For he says:
“‘By the strength of my hand I have done this, and by my wisdom, because I have understanding. I removed the boundaries of nations, I plundered their treasures; like a mighty one I subdued their kings. 14 As one reaches into a nest, so my hand reached for the wealth of the nations; as people gather abandoned eggs, so I gathered all the countries; not one flapped a wing, or opened its mouth to chirp.’”
15 Does the ax raise itself above the person who swings it, or the saw boast against the one who uses it? As if a rod were to wield the person who lifts it up, or a club brandish the one who is not wood! 16 Therefore, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will send a wasting disease upon his sturdy warriors; under his pomp a fire will be kindled like a blazing flame. 17 The Light of Israel will become a fire, their Holy One a flame; in a single day it will burn and consume his thorns and his briers. 18 The splendor of his forests and fertile fields it will completely destroy, as when a sick person wastes away. 19 And the remaining trees of his forests will be so few that a child could write them down.


Chapter 10 28 They enter Aiath; they pass through Migron; they store supplies at Mikmash. 29 They go over the pass, and say, “We will camp overnight at Geba.” Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees. 30 Cry out, Daughter Gallim! Listen, Laishah! Poor Anathoth! 31 Madmenah is in flight; the people of Gebim take cover. 32 This day they will halt at Nob; they will shake their fist at the mount of Daughter Zion, at the hill of Jerusalem.
33 See, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled, the tall ones will be brought low. 34 He will cut down the forest thickets with an ax; Lebanon will fall before the Mighty One.


Chapter 12 4 In that day you will say:
“Give praise to the Lord, proclaim his name; make known among the nations what he has done, and proclaim that his name is exalted. 5 Sing to the Lord, for he has done glorious things; let this be known to all the world. 6 Shout aloud and sing for joy, people of Zion, for great is the Holy One of Israel among you.”


Christ's millennial reign on earth (circa 2000AD) (Ch 10 Vs 20-22a, Ch 10 Vs 24-27, Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3)
Chapter 10 20 In that day the remnant of Israel, the survivors of Jacob, will no longer rely on him who struck them down but will truly rely on the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. 21 A remnant will return, a remnant of Jacob will return to the Mighty God. 22a Though your people be like the sand by the sea, Israel, only a remnant will return.

Chapter 10 24 Therefore this is what the Lord, the Lord Almighty, says:
“My people who live in Zion, do not be afraid of the Assyrians, who beat you with a rod and lift up a club against you, as Egypt did. 25 Very soon my anger against you will end and my wrath will be directed to their destruction.”
26 The Lord Almighty will lash them with a whip, as when he struck down Midian at the rock of Oreb; and he will raise his staff over the waters, as he did in Egypt. 27 In that day their burden will be lifted from your shoulders, their yoke from your neck; the yoke will be broken because you have grown so fat.


Chapter 11 1 A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. 2 The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him— the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of might, the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the Lord— 3 and he will delight in the fear of the Lord.
He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes, or decide by what he hears with his ears;
...
(Verses 4-14 omitted)
...
15 The Lord will dry up the gulf of the Egyptian sea; with a scorching wind he will sweep his hand over the Euphrates River. He will break it up into seven streams so that anyone can cross over in sandals. 16 There will be a highway for the remnant of his people that is left from Assyria, as there was for Israel when they came up from Egypt.


Chapter 12 1 In that day you will say:
“I will praise you, Lord. Although you were angry with me, your anger has turned away and you have comforted me. 2 Surely God is my salvation; I will trust and not be afraid. The Lord, the Lord himself, is my strength and my defense; he has become my salvation.” 3 With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation.



5. An exegesis of the reconfigured text.

The passage has been split into 3 sections as above for analysis.

5.1 The First Jewish–Roman War (circa 66AD–74AD).(Ch 10 Vs 22b-23)

Chapter 10 22b Destruction has been decreed, overwhelming and righteous. 23 The Lord, the Lord Almighty, will carry out the destruction decreed upon the whole land.

Perhaps one of the reasons we believe these verses are about the First Jewish–Roman War is that we have been primed to expect it in chiastic reconstructions. But, also, the language here is similar to that in Daniel 9:26&27 which we have shown in our reconstruction of the "70 weeks of Daniel" [2] to be about the Roman attack on Judah. In that parse of Daniel 9, we had concluded that God had decreed the destruction of Jerusalem and He executed the decree through a covenant with Titus. The covenant gave the Roman leader a free hand in destroying Judah and Jerusalem for a time.



5.2 Sennacherib's Siege of Jerusalem (circa 701BC) (Ch 10 Vs 5-19, Ch 10 Vs 28-34, Ch 12 Vs 4-6)

Chapter 10 5 “Woe to the Assyrian, the rod of my anger, in whose hand is the club of my wrath! 6 I send him against a godless nation, I dispatch him against a people who anger me, to seize loot and snatch plunder, and to trample them down like mud in the streets.
7 But this is not what he intends, this is not what he has in mind; his purpose is to destroy, to put an end to many nations.
8 ‘Are not my commanders all kings?’ he says. 9 ‘Has not Kalno fared like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad, and Samaria like Damascus? 10 As my hand seized the kingdoms of the idols, kingdoms whose images excelled those of Jerusalem and Samaria— 11 shall I not deal with Jerusalem and her images as I dealt with Samaria and her idols?’”

God had used the Assyrians to punish the people of Samaria and Judah for their idolatry and disobedience. But the Assyrian king, Sennacherib. became proud and haughty because of his victories and drew up his own plans to destroy Jerusalem and other nations - plans that far exceeded his remit. His boast is that the powerful Assyrians have subdued great cities such as Kalno, Carchemish, Hamath, Arpad, Damascus. They have also defeated Samaria, the land of the Northern tribes and taken the people captive. He feels that since he has defeated these powerful kingdoms that worship many ornate idols, he can handily defeat Jerusalem who has just one God who dwells in a relatively simple temple.



Chapter 10 12 When the Lord has finished all his work against Mount Zion and Jerusalem, he will say, “I will punish the king of Assyria for the willful pride of his heart and the haughty look in his eyes.
13 For he says:
“‘By the strength of my hand I have done this, and by my wisdom, because I have understanding. I removed the boundaries of nations, I plundered their treasures; like a mighty one I subdued their kings. 14 As one reaches into a nest, so my hand reached for the wealth of the nations; as people gather abandoned eggs, so I gathered all the countries; not one flapped a wing, or opened its mouth to chirp.’”
15 Does the ax raise itself above the person who swings it, or the saw boast against the one who uses it? As if a rod were to wield the person who lifts it up, or a club brandish the one who is not wood!

God decided to punish the king of Assyria after He had used him against Judah and Jerusalem, because the Assyrian king began to believe that everything he achieved was through his own might. The king, who was a tool in God's hands, begins to think he is more powerful than the God of Jerusalem.



Chapter 10 16 Therefore, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will send a wasting disease upon his sturdy warriors; under his pomp a fire will be kindled like a blazing flame. 17 The Light of Israel will become a fire, their Holy One a flame; in a single day it will burn and consume his thorns and his briers. 18 The splendor of his forests and fertile fields it will completely destroy, as when a sick person wastes away. 19 And the remaining trees of his forests will be so few that a child could write them down.

According to Isaiah 37:36, when the Assyrian army camped outside Jerusalem in preparation for an attack, 185,000 soldiers of Sennacherib were killed by an angel. His army was so diminished from the slaughter that it was like a forest that became bereft of trees. Sennacherib was forced to withdraw to his capital; he never really recovered from this loss.



Chapter 10 28 They enter Aiath; they pass through Migron; they store supplies at Mikmash. 29 They go over the pass, and say, “We will camp overnight at Geba.” Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees. 30 Cry out, Daughter Gallim! Listen, Laishah! Poor Anathoth! 31 Madmenah is in flight; the people of Gebim take cover. 32 This day they will halt at Nob; they will shake their fist at the mount of Daughter Zion, at the hill of Jerusalem.

From verse 28 to the end of the chapter, Isaiah repeats the story of Sennacherib's campaign against Judah and Jerusalem with a different set of details (a literary technique often used in the Bible). Isaiah achieves a beautiful poetic effect as he breathlessly enumerates the cities in the path of the Assyrian king as he made his way from Nineveh in the north east towards Jerusalem. One can almost sense the terror in the people of Jerusalem as they got reports of this mighty army rapidly approaching their city. But at Nob, close to Jerusalem, the best the Assyrians could do was impotently shake their first at the Holy city.



Chapter 10 33 See, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled, the tall ones will be brought low. 34 He will cut down the forest thickets with an ax; Lebanon will fall before the Mighty One.

The Assyrians did not take Jerusalem at the time because they were attacked by a deadly disease that killed most of them as they camped outside the city (2 Kings 19:35).



Chapter 12 4 In that day you will say:
“Give praise to the Lord, proclaim his name; make known among the nations what he has done, and proclaim that his name is exalted. 5 Sing to the Lord, for he has done glorious things; let this be known to all the world. 6 Shout aloud and sing for joy, people of Zion, for great is the Holy One of Israel among you.”

The people of Jerusalem give thanks for a miraculous deliverance by God from one of the most powerful armies on earth.





5.3 Christ's millennial reign on earth (circa 2000AD) (Ch 10 Vs 20-22a, Ch 10 Vs 24-27, Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3)

Chapter 10 20 In that day the remnant of Israel, the survivors of Jacob, will no longer rely on him who struck them down but will truly rely on the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. 21 A remnant will return, a remnant of Jacob will return to the Mighty God. 22a Though your people be like the sand by the sea, Israel, only a remnant will return.

At the start of Christ's Millennial reign, the people of the Northern tribes of Israel will return to their God. (The people of Judah have already become Christians by 70AD.)



Chapter 10 24 Therefore this is what the Lord, the Lord Almighty, says:
“My people who live in Zion, do not be afraid of the Assyrians, who beat you with a rod and lift up a club against you, as Egypt did. 25 Very soon my anger against you will end and my wrath will be directed to their destruction.”
26 The Lord Almighty will lash them with a whip, as when he struck down Midian at the rock of Oreb; and he will raise his staff over the waters, as he did in Egypt. 27 In that day their burden will be lifted from your shoulders, their yoke from your neck; the yoke will be broken because you have grown so fat.

As we have seen in our analysis of passages in Revelation and Daniel (Daniel 8 [3] for example), Satanic occult powers from Babylon have passed through a series of empires (like Greece and Rome) over the years through the movement of Satanic Bloodlines. So the "Assyrian" here is whoever inherits this Babylonian Satanic power at the time of the Millennial reign of Christ (The names "Assyria" and "Babylon" are often used interchangeably in the Bible.). God will help Israel overcome the "Assyrians" miraculously just as he helped Gideon defeat the Midianites (The same comparison is used in Isaiah 9). Israel will break their bonds by growing "fat" with her increased wealth, power and population.



Chapter 11 1 A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. 2 The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him— the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of might, the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the Lord— 3 and he will delight in the fear of the Lord.
He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes, or decide by what he hears with his ears; 4 but with righteousness he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked. 5 Righteousness will be his belt and faithfulness the sash around his waist.

Christ, or a representative from the line of David, will rule the world under God's direction. The sense of this passage is similar to that of Isaiah 9:6,7 ("He will be called Wonderful Counsellor, Mighty God....")



Chapter 11 6 The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the yearling together; and a little child will lead them. 7 The cow will feed with the bear, their young will lie down together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox. 8 The infant will play near the cobra’s den, and the young child will put its hand into the viper’s nest. 9 They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea.

Since animals are often used to represent nations in prophecy (Daniel 7 & 8 for example), we believe that this passage means that all nations great and small will live in harmony, with Christ or his representative as their leader.



Chapter 11 10 In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his resting place will be glorious. 11 In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a second time to reclaim the surviving remnant of his people from Assyria, from Lower Egypt, from Upper Egypt, from Cush, from Elam, from Babylonia, from Hamath and from the islands of the Mediterranean.
12 He will raise a banner for the nations and gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered people of Judah from the four quarters of the earth. 13 Ephraim’s jealousy will vanish, and Judah’s enemies will be destroyed; Ephraim will not be jealous of Judah, nor Judah hostile toward Ephraim.

The Northern tribes of Israel will return from the various places around the world they have been scattered to. (The prophet lists places in all directions from Israel to indicate that the people of Israel will be spread around the world.) The Northern tribes will once again join with the people of Judah to form a united nation, under Christ, that dominates the world .



Chapter 11 14 They will swoop down on the slopes of Philistia to the west; together they will plunder the people to the east. They will subdue Edom and Moab, and the Ammonites will be subject to them. 15 The Lord will dry up the gulf of the Egyptian sea; with a scorching wind he will sweep his hand over the Euphrates River. He will break it up into seven streams so that anyone can cross over in sandals. 16 There will be a highway for the remnant of his people that is left from Assyria, as there was for Israel when they came up from Egypt.

The Israelites will subdue the nations around them and control them (The prophet once again lists places around Israel in all directions to indicate that Israel will rule all nations.). The Euphrates here probably represents the might of the "Assyrians" of the time - it appears that they will be broken up so that they will no longer threaten Israel. Any impediments to the Israelite diaspora's return to the new Israel will be removed so that their final "aliyah" is smooth as if on a highway.



Chapter 12 1 In that day you will say:
“I will praise you, Lord. Although you were angry with me, your anger has turned away and you have comforted me. 2 Surely God is my salvation; I will trust and not be afraid. The Lord, the Lord himself, is my strength and my defense; he has become my salvation.” 3 With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation.

The people of the new Israel will thank their God. They will recognize that everything they have is through the grace of their God.




Conclusion

This paper is a chiastic reconstruction of the text which shows that the passage contains three interwoven prophetic passages. Once again, we see the destruction of Jerusalem featured; we treat its presence as a validation of the parse.

The first Period of this prophecy mainly deals with Sennacherib's miraculous defeat on his campaign against Jerusalem. The last Period predicts a similar defeat of the "Assyrians" by God at the start of Christ's millennial reign.



References

[1] A Definition of Functional Chiasmus
[2] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of "The 70 Weeks Of Daniel"
[3] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Daniel 8










Related pages

Daniel 9
Mark 13
Luke 21
Luke 17:22-37
Functional Chiasmus