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A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Isaiah 10-12

Kuruvilla Thomas
Bangalore
Published on 21 January 2020




Isaiah 10-12 Timeline
Fig. 1


Introduction

This study treats Isaiah 10:5-12:6 as a cryptochiasmus in order to arrive at a coherent reconfiguration of the text. Text that is structured as a cryptochiasmus must be rearranged based on certain principles to be correctly interpreted. A cryptochiasmus is a novel concept; see definition in [1]. If you wish to skip the technicalities of a chiastic parse, you may read starting from Section 4 of the Discussion section, which has the reconfigured text.

This prophecy predicts Sennacherib's aborted siege on Jerusalem and provides significant details on the nature and identity of the coming Messiah and on his reign.


Notes:
We will use the term "Judahite" to refer to the Israelites - primarily those of the tribe of Judah and their descendants - that remained after the Assyrian exile of the Northern Tribes; we will try to avoid the term "Jew" to avoid the confusion it introduces.


Discussion

1. Presuppositions

We base our parse of Isaiah 10:5-12:6 on the assumption that it refers to 3 periods:

  1. Sennacherib launches a campaign against Judah and Jerusalem but is forced to withdraw (c. 701 BC).
  2. The First Jewish–Roman War (66AD–73AD). The Roman army destroys Judea and Jerusalem.
  3. The Start of Christ's Millennial Reign on earth (circa 2017AD).

2. Parsing the chiasmus

We will use the NIV Bible for this parse.

Parsing this chiasmus involves dividing portions of the text into three categories as above. We will call the period of Sennacherib's Siege of Jerusalem Period 1, the Roman destruction of Judea Period 2 and Christ's Millennial Reign Period 3.


Categorizing Isaiah 10:5-12:6

Ch 10 Vs 5-19 belong to Period 1. The Assyrian king will be humbled.

Ch 10 Vs 20-22a belong to Period 3. The Northern tribes will return to their God.

Ch 10 Vs 22b-23 appears to belong to Period 2. The First Jewish-Roman war and the sacking of Jerusalem. ( One of the reasons we believe this passage is about the First Jewish–Roman War is that we expect to see it in chiastic reconstructions. )

Ch 10 Vs 24-27 belongs to Period 3. Before the the Millennial Reign, the "Assyrians" of the time will be crushed

Ch 10 Vs 28-34 belongs to Period 1. The Assyrian attack on Judah and their aborted siege on Jerusalem.

Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3 belongs to Period 3. The Start of the Millennial Reign of Christ.

Ch 12 Vs 4-6 appears to belong to Period 1. The Israelites praise God's goodness to them.


Original text

We color-code the chiastic units of the original text (NIV) below for easy visual identification using: red for Period 1, blue for Period 2 and green for Period 3.


Isaiah 10 5 “Woe to the Assyrian, the rod of my anger, in whose hand is the club of my wrath! 6 I send him against a godless nation, I dispatch him against a people who anger me, to seize loot and snatch plunder, and to trample them down like mud in the streets. 7 But this is not what he intends, this is not what he has in mind; his purpose is to destroy, to put an end to many nations. 8 ‘Are not my commanders all kings?’ he says. 9 ‘Has not Kalno fared like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad, and Samaria like Damascus? 10 As my hand seized the kingdoms of the idols, kingdoms whose images excelled those of Jerusalem and Samaria— 11 shall I not deal with Jerusalem and her images as I dealt with Samaria and her idols?’”
12 When the Lord has finished all his work against Mount Zion and Jerusalem, he will say, “I will punish the king of Assyria for the willful pride of his heart and the haughty look in his eyes. 13 For he says:
“‘By the strength of my hand I have done this, and by my wisdom, because I have understanding. I removed the boundaries of nations, I plundered their treasures; like a mighty one I subdued their kings. 14 As one reaches into a nest, so my hand reached for the wealth of the nations; as people gather abandoned eggs, so I gathered all the countries; not one flapped a wing, or opened its mouth to chirp.’”
15 Does the ax raise itself above the person who swings it, or the saw boast against the one who uses it? As if a rod were to wield the person who lifts it up, or a club brandish the one who is not wood! 16 Therefore, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will send a wasting disease upon his sturdy warriors; under his pomp a fire will be kindled like a blazing flame. 17 The Light of Israel will become a fire, their Holy One a flame; in a single day it will burn and consume his thorns and his briers. 18 The splendor of his forests and fertile fields it will completely destroy, as when a sick person wastes away. 19 And the remaining trees of his forests will be so few that a child could write them down.

20 In that day the remnant of Israel, the survivors of Jacob, will no longer rely on him who struck them down but will truly rely on the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. 21 A remnant will return, a remnant of Jacob will return to the Mighty God. 22a Though your people be like the sand by the sea, Israel, only a remnant will return.
22b Destruction has been decreed, overwhelming and righteous. 23 The Lord, the Lord Almighty, will carry out the destruction decreed upon the whole land.
24 Therefore this is what the Lord, the Lord Almighty, says:
“My people who live in Zion, do not be afraid of the Assyrians, who beat you with a rod and lift up a club against you, as Egypt did. 25 Very soon my anger against you will end and my wrath will be directed to their destruction.”
26 The Lord Almighty will lash them with a whip, as when he struck down Midian at the rock of Oreb; and he will raise his staff over the waters, as he did in Egypt. 27 In that day their burden will be lifted from your shoulders, their yoke from your neck; the yoke will be broken because you have grown so fat.

28 They enter Aiath; they pass through Migron; they store supplies at Mikmash. 29 They go over the pass, and say, “We will camp overnight at Geba.” Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees. 30 Cry out, Daughter Gallim! Listen, Laishah! Poor Anathoth! 31 Madmenah is in flight; the people of Gebim take cover. 32 This day they will halt at Nob; they will shake their fist at the mount of Daughter Zion, at the hill of Jerusalem.
33 See, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled, the tall ones will be brought low. 34 He will cut down the forest thickets with an ax; Lebanon will fall before the Mighty One.


Isaiah 11 A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. 2 The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him— the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of might, the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the Lord— 3 and he will delight in the fear of the Lord.
He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes, or decide by what he hears with his ears;
4 but with righteousness he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked. 5 Righteousness will be his belt and faithfulness the sash around his waist.
6 The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the yearling together; and a little child will lead them. 7 The cow will feed with the bear, their young will lie down together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox. 8 The infant will play near the cobra’s den, and the young child will put its hand into the viper’s nest. 9 They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea.
10 In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his resting place will be glorious. 11 In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a second time to reclaim the surviving remnant of his people from Assyria, from Lower Egypt, from Upper Egypt, from Cush, from Elam, from Babylonia, from Hamath and from the islands of the Mediterranean.
12 He will raise a banner for the nations and gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered people of Judah from the four quarters of the earth. 13 Ephraim’s jealousy will vanish, and Judah’s enemies will be destroyed; Ephraim will not be jealous of Judah, nor Judah hostile toward Ephraim. 14 They will swoop down on the slopes of Philistia to the west; together they will plunder the people to the east. They will subdue Edom and Moab, and the Ammonites will be subject to them. 15 The Lord will dry up the gulf of the Egyptian sea; with a scorching wind he will sweep his hand over the Euphrates River. He will break it up into seven streams so that anyone can cross over in sandals. 16 There will be a highway for the remnant of his people that is left from Assyria, as there was for Israel when they came up from Egypt.


Isaiah 12 In that day you will say:
“I will praise you, Lord. Although you were angry with me, your anger has turned away and you have comforted me. 2 Surely God is my salvation; I will trust and not be afraid. The Lord, the Lord himself, is my strength and my defense; he has become my salvation.” 3 With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation.

4 In that day you will say:
“Give praise to the Lord, proclaim his name; make known among the nations what he has done, and proclaim that his name is exalted. 5 Sing to the Lord, for he has done glorious things; let this be known to all the world. 6 Shout aloud and sing for joy, people of Zion, for great is the Holy One of Israel among you.”




3. Building the reconfigured text


From this parse, it appears that Isaiah 10:5-12:6 form a cryptochiasmus as below:

A1   Ch 10 Vs 5-19 Period 1. The Assyrian will be humbled.
  B1   Ch 10 Vs 20-22a Period 3. The Northern tribes will return to their God.
    X   Ch 10 Vs 22b-23 Period 2. Judah's destruction during the First Jewish-Roman war.
  B2   Ch 10 Vs 24-27 Period 3. The "Assyrians" will be crushed at the start of Christ's reign.
A2   Ch 10 Vs 28-34 Period 1. Assyria's unsuccessful attack on Jerusalem.


We now reconstruct the phrases in the right order based on the chiastic structure above and based on the ordering rules of a cryptochiasmus [1].

We usually lead with the pivot point but for this reconstruction we will add the central pivot point 'X' at the end, so that we get another chiasmus with the rest of the prophecy (the rules of cryptochiasmi [1] allow this). The corresponding subunits (For example; subunit A1 corresponds to A2) are placed contiguously to form units (For example, A1,A2 is a unit ) so that we get a list of such units.


The sequence selected for rearrangement is:

[A1,A2]  [B1,B2]  X        (1)

We have the following sequence when we include the rest of the prophecy:
[A1,A2] - Period 1
[B1,B2] - Period 3
X         - Period 2
Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3 - Period 3. The Start of the Millennial Reign.
Ch 12 Vs 4-6 - Period 1. Praise for God's goodness to Israel.


We still have text for the Periods in a non-contiguous form. We can treat this as a doubly applied cryptochiasmus as below.


M1   [A1,A2] - Period 1
  N1   [B1,B2] - Period 3
   XX   X           - Period 2
  N2   Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3 - Period 3
M2   Ch 12 Vs 4-6 - Period 1

The sequence selected for rearrangement is:
XX  [M1,M2]  [N1,N2]        (2)


Translating this sequence (2) into the subunits of the first chiasmus, we get:

[X]  [[A1,A2], Ch 12 Vs 4-6]   [[B1,B2], Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3]        (3)

Further translating (3) into verse numbers, we get:

[Ch 10 Vs 22b-23]  [[Ch 10 Vs 5-19,Ch 10 Vs 28-34], Ch 12 Vs 4-6]   [[Ch 10 Vs 20-22a,Ch 10 Vs 24-27], Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3]        (4)

We arrive at the reconfigured passage in the next section by rearranging the verses so they are in sequence (4).



4. Isaiah 10:5-12:6 Reconfigured

The First Jewish–Roman War (66AD–73AD) (Ch 10 Vs 22b-23)
Chapter 10 22b Destruction has been decreed, overwhelming and righteous. 23 The Lord, the Lord Almighty, will carry out the destruction decreed upon the whole land.

Sennacherib's Siege of Jerusalem (circa 701BC) (Ch 10 Vs 5-19, Ch 10 Vs 28-34, Ch 12 Vs 4-6)
Chapter 10 5 “Woe to the Assyrian, the rod of my anger, in whose hand is the club of my wrath! 6 I send him against a godless nation, I dispatch him against a people who anger me, to seize loot and snatch plunder, and to trample them down like mud in the streets. 7 But this is not what he intends, this is not what he has in mind; his purpose is to destroy, to put an end to many nations. 8 ‘Are not my commanders all kings?’ he says. 9 ‘Has not Kalno fared like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad, and Samaria like Damascus? 10 As my hand seized the kingdoms of the idols, kingdoms whose images excelled those of Jerusalem and Samaria— 11 shall I not deal with Jerusalem and her images as I dealt with Samaria and her idols?’”
12 When the Lord has finished all his work against Mount Zion and Jerusalem, he will say, “I will punish the king of Assyria for the willful pride of his heart and the haughty look in his eyes. 13 For he says:
“‘By the strength of my hand I have done this, and by my wisdom, because I have understanding. I removed the boundaries of nations, I plundered their treasures; like a mighty one I subdued their kings. 14 As one reaches into a nest, so my hand reached for the wealth of the nations; as people gather abandoned eggs, so I gathered all the countries; not one flapped a wing, or opened its mouth to chirp.’”
15 Does the ax raise itself above the person who swings it, or the saw boast against the one who uses it? As if a rod were to wield the person who lifts it up, or a club brandish the one who is not wood! 16 Therefore, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will send a wasting disease upon his sturdy warriors; under his pomp a fire will be kindled like a blazing flame. 17 The Light of Israel will become a fire, their Holy One a flame; in a single day it will burn and consume his thorns and his briers. 18 The splendor of his forests and fertile fields it will completely destroy, as when a sick person wastes away. 19 And the remaining trees of his forests will be so few that a child could write them down.


Chapter 10 28 They enter Aiath; they pass through Migron; they store supplies at Mikmash. 29 They go over the pass, and say, “We will camp overnight at Geba.” Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees. 30 Cry out, Daughter Gallim! Listen, Laishah! Poor Anathoth! 31 Madmenah is in flight; the people of Gebim take cover. 32 This day they will halt at Nob; they will shake their fist at the mount of Daughter Zion, at the hill of Jerusalem.
33 See, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled, the tall ones will be brought low. 34 He will cut down the forest thickets with an ax; Lebanon will fall before the Mighty One.


Chapter 12 4 In that day you will say:
“Give praise to the Lord, proclaim his name; make known among the nations what he has done, and proclaim that his name is exalted. 5 Sing to the Lord, for he has done glorious things; let this be known to all the world. 6 Shout aloud and sing for joy, people of Zion, for great is the Holy One of Israel among you.”


The Start of Christ's Millennial Reign on earth (circa 2017AD) (Ch 10 Vs 20-22a, Ch 10 Vs 24-27, Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3)
Chapter 10 20 In that day the remnant of Israel, the survivors of Jacob, will no longer rely on him who struck them down but will truly rely on the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. 21 A remnant will return, a remnant of Jacob will return to the Mighty God. 22a Though your people be like the sand by the sea, Israel, only a remnant will return.

Chapter 10 24 Therefore this is what the Lord, the Lord Almighty, says:
“My people who live in Zion, do not be afraid of the Assyrians, who beat you with a rod and lift up a club against you, as Egypt did. 25 Very soon my anger against you will end and my wrath will be directed to their destruction.”
26 The Lord Almighty will lash them with a whip, as when he struck down Midian at the rock of Oreb; and he will raise his staff over the waters, as he did in Egypt. 27 In that day their burden will be lifted from your shoulders, their yoke from your neck; the yoke will be broken because you have grown so fat.


Chapter 11 1 A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. 2 The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him— the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of might, the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the Lord— 3 and he will delight in the fear of the Lord.
He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes, or decide by what he hears with his ears; 4 but with righteousness he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked. 5 Righteousness will be his belt and faithfulness the sash around his waist.
6 The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the yearling together; and a little child will lead them. 7 The cow will feed with the bear, their young will lie down together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox. 8 The infant will play near the cobra’s den, and the young child will put its hand into the viper’s nest. 9 They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea.
10 In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his resting place will be glorious. 11 In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a second time to reclaim the surviving remnant of his people from Assyria, from Lower Egypt, from Upper Egypt, from Cush, from Elam, from Babylonia, from Hamath and from the islands of the Mediterranean.
12 He will raise a banner for the nations and gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered people of Judah from the four quarters of the earth. 13 Ephraim’s jealousy will vanish, and Judah’s enemies will be destroyed; Ephraim will not be jealous of Judah, nor Judah hostile toward Ephraim. 14 They will swoop down on the slopes of Philistia to the west; together they will plunder the people to the east. They will subdue Edom and Moab, and the Ammonites will be subject to them. 15 The Lord will dry up the gulf of the Egyptian sea; with a scorching wind he will sweep his hand over the Euphrates River. He will break it up into seven streams so that anyone can cross over in sandals. 16 There will be a highway for the remnant of his people that is left from Assyria, as there was for Israel when they came up from Egypt.


Chapter 12 1 In that day you will say:
“I will praise you, Lord. Although you were angry with me, your anger has turned away and you have comforted me. 2 Surely God is my salvation; I will trust and not be afraid. The Lord, the Lord himself, is my strength and my defense; he has become my salvation.” 3 With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation.



5. A commentary on the reconfigured text.

5.1 The First Jewish–Roman War (66AD–73AD) (Ch 10 Vs 22b-23)

Chapter 10 22b Destruction has been decreed, overwhelming and righteous. 23 The Lord, the Lord Almighty, will carry out the destruction decreed upon the whole land.

We believe that this short passage refers to the destruction of Judea by the Romans during the The First Jewish–Roman War. The language here is similar to that in Daniel 9:26&27, which we have shown in our reconstruction of the "70 weeks of Daniel" [2] to be about the Roman attack on Judah. In that parse of Daniel 9, we had concluded that God had decreed the destruction of Jerusalem and He executed the decree through a covenant with Titus. The covenant gave the Roman leader a free hand in destroying Judah and Jerusalem for a time.



5.2 Sennacherib's Siege of Jerusalem (circa 701BC) (Ch 10 Vs 5-19, Ch 10 Vs 28-34, Ch 12 Vs 4-6)

Chapter 10 5 “Woe to the Assyrian, the rod of my anger, in whose hand is the club of my wrath! 6 I send him against a godless nation, I dispatch him against a people who anger me, to seize loot and snatch plunder, and to trample them down like mud in the streets.

God had used the Assyrians as an instrument of His judgement against a godless nation (the nation is not specified but it may refer to a power in the region of the Levant that Sennacherib had defeated).



Chapter 10 7 But this is not what he intends, this is not what he has in mind; his purpose is to destroy, to put an end to many nations.

The Assyrian king, Sennacherib, became proud and haughty from his victories and drew up his own plans to destroy Jerusalem and other nations - plans that far exceeded his remit.



Chapter 10 8 ‘Are not my commanders all kings?’ he says. 9 ‘Has not Kalno fared like Carchemish? Is not Hamath like Arpad, and Samaria like Damascus? 10 As my hand seized the kingdoms of the idols, kingdoms whose images excelled those of Jerusalem and Samaria— 11 shall I not deal with Jerusalem and her images as I dealt with Samaria and her idols?’”

Sennacherib's boast is that the powerful Assyrians have conquered many nations and turned their kings into satraps. The Assyrians have subdued mighty cities such as Kalno, Carchemish, Hamath, Arpad, Damascus (cities in the region of the Levant that came under Assyrian control between 740-721BC). They have also defeated Samaria, the land of the Northern tribes and taken the people captive (2 Kings 18:9-12). He is confident that since Assyria has defeated these powerful heathen kingdoms that worship many ornate idols, and defeated Samaria, which worships the same God as Jerusalem, he can easily defeat Jerusalem that has just one God who dwells in a relatively simple temple (2 Kings 19:12).



Chapter 10 12 When the Lord has finished all his work against Mount Zion and Jerusalem, he will say, “I will punish the king of Assyria for the willful pride of his heart and the haughty look in his eyes.
13 For he says:
“‘By the strength of my hand I have done this, and by my wisdom, because I have understanding. I removed the boundaries of nations, I plundered their treasures; like a mighty one I subdued their kings. 14 As one reaches into a nest, so my hand reached for the wealth of the nations; as people gather abandoned eggs, so I gathered all the countries; not one flapped a wing, or opened its mouth to chirp.’”
15 Does the ax raise itself above the person who swings it, or the saw boast against the one who uses it? As if a rod were to wield the person who lifts it up, or a club brandish the one who is not wood!

God planned to punish the king of Assyria after He had used him against Judah and Jerusalem, because the Assyrian king began to believe that everything he achieved was through his own might. The king, who was an instrument in God's hands, began to think he is more powerful than the God of Jerusalem (Isaiah 36:18-20).



Chapter 10 16 Therefore, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will send a wasting disease upon his sturdy warriors; under his pomp a fire will be kindled like a blazing flame. 17 The Light of Israel will become a fire, their Holy One a flame; in a single day it will burn and consume his thorns and his briers. 18 The splendor of his forests and fertile fields it will completely destroy, as when a sick person wastes away. 19 And the remaining trees of his forests will be so few that a child could write them down.

This passage looks ahead to the Assyrian defeat at the end of their attack on Judea as detailed below. When the Assyrian army camped outside Jerusalem in preparation for an attack, an angel (most likely Michael, the "Light of Israel", their guardian angel - Dan. 12:1) killed 185,000 of its soldiers (Isaiah 37:36). Sennacherib's army was so diminished from the slaughter that it was like a forest stripped of most of its trees. Sennacherib was forced to withdraw to his capital; he never did fully recover from this loss (Isaiah 37:37,38).



Chapter 10 28 They enter Aiath; they pass through Migron; they store supplies at Mikmash. 29 They go over the pass, and say, “We will camp overnight at Geba.” Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees. 30 Cry out, Daughter Gallim! Listen, Laishah! Poor Anathoth! 31 Madmenah is in flight; the people of Gebim take cover. 32 This day they will halt at Nob; they will shake their fist at the mount of Daughter Zion, at the hill of Jerusalem.

Isaiah creates a beautiful poetic effect when he rapidly enumerates the cities in the path of the Assyrian king as he made his way from the northern border of Judea towards Jerusalem, terrorising the Judahites on the way. One can almost sense the dread in Jerusalem at reports of this mighty army rapidly approaching their city. But at Nob, within view of Jerusalem, the best the Assyrians could do was impotently shake their fist at the Holy city.



Chapter 10 33 See, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will lop off the boughs with great power. The lofty trees will be felled, the tall ones will be brought low. 34 He will cut down the forest thickets with an ax; Lebanon will fall before the Mighty One.

The Assyrians did not take Jerusalem because most of them were killed by an angel at night as they camped outside the city (2 Chron. 32:21).



Chapter 12 4 In that day you will say:
“Give praise to the Lord, proclaim his name; make known among the nations what he has done, and proclaim that his name is exalted. 5 Sing to the Lord, for he has done glorious things; let this be known to all the world. 6 Shout aloud and sing for joy, people of Zion, for great is the Holy One of Israel among you.”

The people of Jerusalem praise God for a miraculous deliverance from one of the most powerful armies on earth.





5.3 The Start of Christ's Millennial Reign on earth (circa 2017AD) (Ch 10 Vs 20-22a, Ch 10 Vs 24-27, Ch 11 - Ch 12 Vs 3)

Chapter 10 20 In that day the remnant of Israel, the survivors of Jacob, will no longer rely on him who struck them down but will truly rely on the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. 21 A remnant will return, a remnant of Jacob will return to the Mighty God. 22a Though your people be like the sand by the sea, Israel, only a remnant will return.

At the start of Christ's Millennial Reign, a remnant of the Northern tribes of Israel will stop worshipping other gods and return to their God. (The people of Judah have already become Christians by 70AD.)



Chapter 10 24 Therefore this is what the Lord, the Lord Almighty, says:
“My people who live in Zion, do not be afraid of the Assyrians, who beat you with a rod and lift up a club against you, as Egypt did. 25 Very soon my anger against you will end and my wrath will be directed to their destruction.”
26 The Lord Almighty will lash them with a whip, as when he struck down Midian at the rock of Oreb; and he will raise his staff over the waters, as he did in Egypt. 27 In that day their burden will be lifted from your shoulders, their yoke from your neck; the yoke will be broken because you have grown so fat.

God will supernaturally defeat and punish Israel's oppressors, the "Assyrians", just as he defeated the Midianites in the time of Gideon (Judges 7) and the Egyptians at the Red Sea (Exodus 14). Israel will break the "Assyrian's" bonds, because it is has been anointed as Christ's kingdom during the Millennial Reign (we believe "grown so fat" in vs 27 is better rendered "been anointed").

Who are the "Assyrians" in this Period? As we have seen in our analysis of passages in Revelation [4] and Daniel 8 (see appendix in [3]), Satanic occult powers from ancient Babylon have passed through a series of empires (Assyria, Neo-Babylon, Greece, Rome...) over the years through the movement of Satanic bloodlines. So, the "Assyrians" here are the people that will inherit this occult power from ancient Babylon at the start of Christ's Millennial Reign. Assyria, the subject of Period 1, was likely chosen to represent Babylon in this Period to obscure the meaning of the passage.

Chapter 11 1 A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.

The coming Messiah of the Millennial Reign will be a descendant of David, like Christ. The line of Jesse and David, that had slipped into obscurity for millennia, is a like a dormant tree stump, and the coming Messiah is a shoot that grows out of this seemingly dead stump to reign on David's throne and flourish.



Chapter 11 2 The Spirit of the Lord will rest on him— the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of might, the Spirit of the knowledge and fear of the Lord— 3a and he will delight in the fear of the Lord.

We believe that the coming Messiah, the Spirit of the Lord (or chief angel - Dan 10:13), is the Archangel Michael incarnated [3] ("rest on him" in vs. 2 is used in the sense, "reside in him"). Michael, who is the Most Holy One of Daniel 9:24 [2] and the Comforter/Advocate of John 14-16, is the Holy Spirit - the consecrated angel. ( As chief angel, Michael has a host of angels under him, who collectively do the work of the Holy Spirit.)

He is the spirit of wisdom and understanding (that is, good judgement, intelligence and knowledge), and of counsel and might (an advisor and planner with the power to do good), and the spirit of the knowledge and the fear of God (see also 1 Cor. 12:8-11, Isaiah 9:6,7). All these qualities are intimately related but this last attribute, "the knowledge and fear of God", is the foundation of all the others (Psalm 111:10).

But with all these attributes, the coming Messiah will work under the direction of Christ and of God, the true King of Kings (Rev. 3:21). ( We are vehemently hostile to the nonsensical notion of a "trinity of co-equal Gods" or "triune God", a wicked idea from the Satanic realm, a repugnant concept that violates the first commandment. )



Chapter 11 3b He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes, or decide by what he hears with his ears; 4a but with righteousness he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth.

He will not be swayed by outward appearance, worldly status or false reputation but will rule with integrity, so that the poor and the powerless are treated fairly.



Chapter 11 4b He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked. 5 Righteousness will be his belt and faithfulness the sash around his waist.

The coming Messiah will destroy the powerful wicked of the earth by revealing the truth (Rev. 19:15), something that was not possible in a world controlled by Satan. He will be righteous and faithful to God and to his duty (Rev. 19:11).



Chapter 11 6 The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the yearling together; and a little child will lead them. 7 The cow will feed with the bear, their young will lie down together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox. 8 The infant will play near the cobra’s den, and the young child will put its hand into the viper’s nest. 9 They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea.

Animals are sometimes used to represent nations in prophecy (Daniel 7 & 8 for example), and so this passage indicates that, with the coming Messiah as world leader, all nations great and small will live in peace and security. The nations will not harm the New Israel, because the earth will know God and honour Him and his anointed people.



Chapter 11 10 In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his resting place will be glorious.

The coming Messiah (the shoot from the Root of Jesse) will be a leader and a source of divine wisdom for all the people of the world. His seat of power in the New Jerusalem (his "rest" or home in the world) will be glorious.



Chapter 11 11 In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a second time to reclaim the surviving remnant of his people from Assyria, from Lower Egypt, from Upper Egypt, from Cush, from Elam, from Babylonia, from Hamath and from the islands of the Mediterranean.
12 He will raise a banner for the nations and gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered people of Judah from the four quarters of the earth. 13 Ephraim’s jealousy will vanish, and Judah’s enemies will be destroyed; Ephraim will not be jealous of Judah, nor Judah hostile toward Ephraim.

The people of Israel will return a second time (the first was from Egypt) from the various places around the world to which they have been scattered. Isaiah enumerates places in all directions from ancient Israel to indicate that the people of Israel will be spread around the world - to the north (Assyria at the time of this prophecy, Hamath in Syria), west (Lower Egypt, 'isles' of the Mediterranean), south (Upper Egypt, Cush/Ethiopia) and to the east (Babylonia, Elam in Persia). The Northern tribes will once again join with Judah to form a united nation under Christ.



Chapter 11 14 They will swoop down on the slopes of Philistia to the west; together they will plunder the people to the east. They will subdue Edom and Moab, and the Ammonites will be subject to them.

The Israelites will subdue the nations around them and control them. The prophet predicts the defeat of hostile nations around Israel, at the time of the prophecy, to the east (Ammon, Moab, Edom) and to the west (Philistia) to indicate that Israel will overcome all hostile nations at the start of the Millennial Reign.



Chapter 11 15 The Lord will dry up the gulf of the Egyptian sea; with a scorching wind he will sweep his hand over the Euphrates River. He will break it up into seven streams so that anyone can cross over in sandals. 16 There will be a highway for the remnant of his people that is left from Assyria, as there was for Israel when they came up from Egypt.

The Egyptian sea represents the power of "Egypt", and the Euphrates represents the might of "Assyria". Israel's oppressors at the start of the Millennial Reign, represented by these ancient enslavers of Israelites, will be rendered powerless so that they will no longer threaten God's nation. Any impediments to the Israelite diaspora's return to the new Israel will be removed so that their final "aliyah" or return is smooth as on a highway.



Chapter 12 1 In that day you will say:
“I will praise you, Lord. Although you were angry with me, your anger has turned away and you have comforted me. 2 Surely God is my salvation; I will trust and not be afraid. The Lord, the Lord himself, is my strength and my defense; he has become my salvation.” 3 With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation.

The people of the new Israel will praise their God. They will recognize that everything they have is through the grace and forgiveness of their God.




Conclusion

With this chiastic reconstruction of the text, we show that the passage contains three interwoven prophetic passages. Sennacherib's miraculous defeat in Period 1 appears to be a type of the "Babylon's" defeat at the start of Christ's Millennial Reign in Period 3.



References

[1] A Definition of Cryptochiasmus
[2] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of "The 70 Weeks Of Daniel"
[3] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Daniel 8
[4] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Revelation 4-22 Part 2:










Related pages

Daniel 9
Mark 13
Luke 21
Luke 17:22-37
Cryptochiasmus