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A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Revelation 4-22
Part 3: The last days (Period 3) (c. 2967AD)

Kuruvilla Thomas
Published on 4 October 2019

Revelation Timeline

Fig. 1

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3

5. A commentary on the reconfigured text continued from Part 2.

In Part 1 of this paper, we reconfigured Revelation 4-22 and commented on the passages related to Satan's Fall from heaven and Christ's first coming (Period 1). Part 2 has commentary on the passages related to the start of Christ's Reign on Earth c 2017AD (Period 2) and Part 3, below, is a commentary on the Last Days c. 2967AD (Period 3).

5.3 Period 3. The "End of the Age" or the last days (circa 2967AD) (Ch 6:12-Ch 11, Ch 14:1-5, Ch 20:11 to Ch 22:9)

The 6th Seal is Opened (Ch 6:12-17)

Chapter 6 12 I watched as he opened the sixth seal. There was a great earthquake. The sun turned black like sackcloth made of goat hair, the whole moon turned blood red, 13 and the stars in the sky fell to earth, as figs drop from a fig tree when shaken by a strong wind. 14 The heavens receded like a scroll being rolled up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place.
15 Then the kings of the earth, the princes, the generals, the rich, the mighty, and everyone else, both slave and free, hid in caves and among the rocks of the mountains. 16 They called to the mountains and the rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! 17 For the great day of their wrath has come, and who can withstand it?”

At the opening of the 6th seal, signs in the heavens and terrifying events on the earth (see also Luke 21:25) and Christ arrives in glory to "rapture" out the faithful (see Matt 24:29-31). (There is a gap of around 950 years between the opening of the 5th and 6th seals. The opening of the first 5 seals in Period 2 had resulted in the release of the 4 horsemen and the start of the reign of the beast.) The stars and heavens seem to represent Satan's angels that control the nations outside Israel - their reign ends (the stars fall, and the heavens are rolled up like a scroll) and they face judgement (see Isaiah 24:21-23, Psalm 82:6-8, Matt. 24:29). With their fall, their worshippers, the wicked 'elite' of the earth also lose their power. The "Fall on us..." language in vs. 16, is used in the Bible to indicate terror at God's wrath (for ex., see Hosea 10:8, Isa. 2:10).

The Rapture: The 144000 Sealed and the Great Multitude in White Robes (Ch 7)

Chapter 7 1 After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth to prevent any wind from blowing on the land or on the sea or on any tree. 2 Then I saw another angel coming up from the east, having the seal of the living God. He called out in a loud voice to the four angels who had been given power to harm the land and the sea: 3 “Do not harm the land or the sea or the trees until we put a seal on the foreheads of the servants of our God.” 4 Then I heard the number of those who were sealed: 144,000 from all the tribes of Israel.
5 From the tribe of Judah 12,000 were sealed, from the tribe of Reuben 12,000, from the tribe of Gad 12,000, 6 from the tribe of Asher 12,000, from the tribe of Naphtali 12,000, from the tribe of Manasseh 12,000, 7 from the tribe of Simeon 12,000, from the tribe of Levi 12,000, from the tribe of Issachar 12,000, 8 from the tribe of Zebulun 12,000, from the tribe of Joseph 12,000, from the tribe of Benjamin 12,000.

The tribulations of this Period are held back until the 144,000 are marked; they will not be raptured out till the end, but the seal of God will protect them from the tribulations (Ch 9:4). The 144,000 represent the first-fruits (see Ch. 14:4) of God's 'harvest' of the faithful. They are chosen from the new Israel's twelve tribes, that appear to be more or less equal in size and importance (interestingly, the tribe of Dan is omitted , the tribe of Levi is listed as a separate tribe, and the tribe of Ephraim is called Joseph here). The reconstituted Israel of the time consists of the descendants of the original Israelites, the faithful of other nations and those of the first resurrection (Ch 20:4).

Chapter 7 9 After this I looked, and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and before the Lamb. They were wearing white robes and were holding palm branches in their hands. 10 And they cried out in a loud voice:
“Salvation belongs to our God, who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb.”
11 All the angels were standing around the throne and around the elders and the four living creatures. They fell down on their faces before the throne and worshiped God, 12 saying:
“Amen! Praise and glory and wisdom and thanks and honor and power and strength be to our God for ever and ever. Amen!”
13 Then one of the elders asked me, “These in white robes—who are they, and where did they come from?” 14 I answered, “Sir, you know.”
And he said, “These are they who have come out of the great tribulation; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. 15 Therefore,
“they are before the throne of God and serve him day and night in his temple; and he who sits on the throne will shelter them with his presence. 16 ‘Never again will they hunger; never again will they thirst. The sun will not beat down on them,’ nor any scorching heat. 17 For the Lamb at the center of the throne will be their shepherd; ‘he will lead them to springs of living water.’ ‘And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.’”

The Great Multitude in White Robes are the faithful that have been raptured out, primarily from the New Israel of the Millennial reign before the end-time tribulations. We believe that that this passage implies a rapture before the end times tribulation because the text "These are they who have come out of the great tribulation" in vs. 14 can mean "These are they who have escaped the great tribulation". The Great Multitude carry the palm branches of victory and wear the white robes of righteousness and continually praise the awesomeness of God that they can now see. Their earthly troubles are over because they will soon reside in the new Jerusalem that descends from heaven.

The 7th Seal, Trumpets 1-6 and Cataclysmic events (Ch 8,9)

Chapter 8 1 When he opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour.

At the opening of the 7th seal there is a moment of silence in heaven before a series of events are set off that will culminate in the end of the world and everything in it.

Chapter 8 2 And I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them.
3 Another angel, who had a golden censer, came and stood at the altar. He was given much incense to offer, with the prayers of all God’s people, on the golden altar in front of the throne. 4 The smoke of the incense, together with the prayers of God’s people, went up before God from the angel’s hand. 5 Then the angel took the censer, filled it with fire from the altar, and hurled it on the earth; and there came peals of thunder, rumblings, flashes of lightning and an earthquake.

These tribulations that unleash the wrath of God against the remaining wicked seem to be partly in answer to the pleas of the God's people for justice. They are the final plagues on earth because at the sounding of the 7th trumpet, Christ's heavenly reign begins. These plagues of the trumpets have some similarities to those of Egypt (Exodus 7-12) and of Period 2 (Ch 15, 16) - all three destroy the enemies of God's people.

Chapter 8 6 Then the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared to sound them.
7 The first angel sounded his trumpet, and there came hail and fire mixed with blood, and it was hurled down on the earth. A third of the earth was burned up, a third of the trees were burned up, and all the green grass was burned up.
8 The second angel sounded his trumpet, and something like a huge mountain, all ablaze, was thrown into the sea. A third of the sea turned into blood, 9 a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.
10 The third angel sounded his trumpet, and a great star, blazing like a torch, fell from the sky on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water— 11 the name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters turned bitter, and many people died from the waters that had become bitter.
12 The fourth angel sounded his trumpet, and a third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them turned dark. A third of the day was without light, and also a third of the night.

At the sounding of trumpets God unleashes calamitous end-times tribulations across the globe on those who have been left behind after the rapture. We will not speculate on the meaning of these plagues but they cause extreme suffering and death to a third of the earth.

Chapter 8 13 As I watched, I heard an eagle that was flying in midair call out in a loud voice: “Woe! Woe! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth, because of the trumpet blasts about to be sounded by the other three angels!”

The tribulations of the last three plagues are more intense, so they are called woes.

Chapter 9 1 The fifth angel sounded his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from the sky to the earth. The star was given the key to the shaft of the Abyss. 2 When he opened the Abyss, smoke rose from it like the smoke from a gigantic furnace. The sun and sky were darkened by the smoke from the Abyss. 3 And out of the smoke locusts came down on the earth and were given power like that of scorpions of the earth. 4 They were told not to harm the grass of the earth or any plant or tree, but only those people who did not have the seal of God on their foreheads. 5 They were not allowed to kill them but only to torture them for five months. And the agony they suffered was like that of the sting of a scorpion when it strikes. 6 During those days people will seek death but will not find it; they will long to die, but death will elude them.
7 The locusts looked like horses prepared for battle. On their heads they wore something like crowns of gold, and their faces resembled human faces. 8 Their hair was like women’s hair, and their teeth were like lions’ teeth. 9 They had breastplates like breastplates of iron, and the sound of their wings was like the thundering of many horses and chariots rushing into battle. 10 They had tails with stingers, like scorpions, and in their tails they had power to torment people for five months. 11 They had as king over them the angel of the Abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon and in Greek is Apollyon (that is, Destroyer).
12 The first woe is past; two other woes are yet to come.

The 'locusts' of the 5th trumpet (and 1st woe) are creatures from the bottomless pit. The bottomless pit is typically a place for spiritual entities but the entities seem to inhabit physical creatures for this plague (in our reconfiguration of Joel [5], we see a similar description of this plague in this end times period). Those that have the seal of God, the 144,000 will be spared, which indicates that not all the righteous will be raptured before the end times tribulations.

Chapter 9 13 The sixth angel sounded his trumpet, and I heard a voice coming from the four horns of the golden altar that is before God. 14 It said to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” 15 And the four angels who had been kept ready for this very hour and day and month and year were released to kill a third of mankind. 16 The number of the mounted troops was twice ten thousand times ten thousand. I heard their number.
17 The horses and riders I saw in my vision looked like this: Their breastplates were fiery red, dark blue, and yellow as sulfur. The heads of the horses resembled the heads of lions, and out of their mouths came fire, smoke and sulfur. 18 A third of mankind was killed by the three plagues of fire, smoke and sulfur that came out of their mouths. 19 The power of the horses was in their mouths and in their tails; for their tails were like snakes, having heads with which they inflict injury.
20 The rest of mankind who were not killed by these plagues still did not repent of the work of their hands; they did not stop worshiping demons, and idols of gold, silver, bronze, stone and wood—idols that cannot see or hear or walk. 21 Nor did they repent of their murders, their magic arts, their sexual immorality or their thefts.

The 6th trumpet (and second woe) brings death to a third of mankind but the wicked still refuse to repent - they still continue to worship demon gods. These plagues seem to be, in part, an effort to get some of the remaining wicked to turn to God,

The Little Scroll and The 7 Thunders (Ch 10)

Chapter 10 1 Then I saw another mighty angel coming down from heaven. He was robed in a cloud, with a rainbow above his head; his face was like the sun, and his legs were like fiery pillars. 2 He was holding a little scroll, which lay open in his hand. He planted his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land, 3 and he gave a loud shout like the roar of a lion. When he shouted, the voices of the seven thunders spoke. 4 And when the seven thunders spoke, I was about to write; but I heard a voice from heaven say, “Seal up what the seven thunders have said and do not write it down.”
5 Then the angel I had seen standing on the sea and on the land raised his right hand to heaven. 6 And he swore by him who lives for ever and ever, who created the heavens and all that is in them, the earth and all that is in it, and the sea and all that is in it, and said, “There will be no more delay! 7 But in the days when the seventh angel is about to sound his trumpet, the mystery of God will be accomplished, just as he announced to his servants the prophets.”

The angel standing on sea and land (the sea and land may indicate the physical and spiritual realm) with the raised right hand in vs. 5 mirrors the angel with the raised hands above the river in Daniel 12:5-7. From our reconfiguration of Daniel 10-12 [4] we had determined that the angel in Daniel 12 had predicted the date of the resurrection (which comes at the 7th trumpet) 3 1/2 millennia prior.

The words of the seven thunders are sealed, and they may have to be unsealed for the events of the final 3 1/2 year period of the earth to take place.

Chapter 10 8 Then the voice that I had heard from heaven spoke to me once more: “Go, take the scroll that lies open in the hand of the angel who is standing on the sea and on the land.”
9 So I went to the angel and asked him to give me the little scroll. He said to me, “Take it and eat it. It will turn your stomach sour, but ‘in your mouth it will be as sweet as honey.’” 10 I took the little scroll from the angel’s hand and ate it. It tasted as sweet as honey in my mouth, but when I had eaten it, my stomach turned sour. 11 Then I was told, “You must prophesy again about many peoples, nations, languages and kings.”

The little scroll may be some revelation in the rest of the chapters, which, as we have seen with this reconfiguration, is primarily regarding the reign of the Beast in Period 2.

The Two Witnesses (Ch 11:1-14)

Chapter 11 1 I was given a reed like a measuring rod and was told, “Go and measure the temple of God and the altar, with its worshipers. 2 But exclude the outer court; do not measure it, because it has been given to the Gentiles. They will trample on the holy city for 42 months. 3 And I will appoint my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth.” 4 They are “the two olive trees” and the two lampstands, and “they stand before the Lord of the earth.” 5 If anyone tries to harm them, fire comes from their mouths and devours their enemies. This is how anyone who wants to harm them must die. 6 They have power to shut up the heavens so that it will not rain during the time they are prophesying; and they have power to turn the waters into blood and to strike the earth with every kind of plague as often as they want.
7 Now when they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up from the Abyss will attack them, and overpower and kill them. 8 Their bodies will lie in the public square of the great city—which is figuratively called Sodom and Egypt—where also their Lord was crucified. 9 For three and a half days some from every people, tribe, language and nation will gaze on their bodies and refuse them burial. 10 The inhabitants of the earth will gloat over them and will celebrate by sending each other gifts, because these two prophets had tormented those who live on the earth.
11 But after the three and a half days the breath of life from God entered them, and they stood on their feet, and terror struck those who saw them. 12 Then they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” And they went up to heaven in a cloud, while their enemies looked on.
13 At that very hour there was a severe earthquake and a tenth of the city collapsed. Seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and the survivors were terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.
14 The second woe has passed; the third woe is coming soon.

The two witnesses make one last attempt at prophecy to turn the peoples hearts but the inhabitants of earth rejoice at their death instead. The two witnesses prophecy for a significant period of 3 1/2 years. The beast that comes out of the Abyss to kill the witnesses may be Satan leading Gog and Magog (Rev 20:7-10) - not the 7-headed beast of Period 2 because that beast had been thrown into the lake of fire (Rev. 19:20). Note that at some point during the reign of the Messiah, a new temple is built and even at this time, worshippers use it.

The sounding of the 7th Trumpet (Ch 11:15-19)

Chapter 11 15 The seventh angel sounded his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, which said:
“The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Messiah, and he will reign for ever and ever.”
16 And the twenty-four elders, who were seated on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and worshiped God, 17 saying:
“We give thanks to you, Lord God Almighty, the One who is and who was, because you have taken your great power and have begun to reign. 18 The nations were angry, and your wrath has come. The time has come for judging the dead, and for rewarding your servants the prophets and your people who revere your name, both great and small— and for destroying those who destroy the earth.”
19 Then God’s temple in heaven was opened, and within his temple was seen the ark of his covenant. And there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, an earthquake and a severe hailstorm.

At the sounding of the 7th trumpet (the third woe), 2967AD [4], the earthly reign of Christ ends and the heavenly, eternal reign of God and Christ begins. The dead in Christ are raised and raptured out before the remaining saints are raptured (1 Cor. 15:51-53, 1 Thess. 4:15-17).

The 144,000 Sing a New Song (Ch 14:1-5)

Chapter 14 1 Then I looked, and there before me was the Lamb, standing on Mount Zion, and with him 144,000 who had his name and his Father’s name written on their foreheads. 2 And I heard a sound from heaven like the roar of rushing waters and like a loud peal of thunder. The sound I heard was like that of harpists playing their harps. 3 And they sang a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and the elders. No one could learn the song except the 144,000 who had been redeemed from the earth. 4 These are those who did not defile themselves with women, for they remained virgins. They follow the Lamb wherever he goes. They were purchased from among mankind and offered as firstfruits to God and the Lamb. 5 No lie was found in their mouths; they are blameless.

The 144,000 chosen from Israel as firstfruits are raptured and they sing a new song to herald the heavenly reign of the Messiah. They may be virgins because they were part of the first resurrection (Luke 20:34-36).

Although it is not mentioned, this is time of the third woe which may be the end of the world and everything in it.

The Final Judgement (Ch 20:11-15)

Chapter 20 11 Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. The earth and the heavens fled from his presence, and there was no place for them. 12 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as recorded in the books. 13 The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what they had done. 14 Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death. 15 Anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire.

Those who were not part of the first resurrection rise up at this final resurrection to be judged (1 Cor. 15:52). Those who are judged worthy, based on the record of their life in the "books", go to Christ's new heavenly kingdom; the rest are thrown into the lake of fire. Those who were resurrected during Christ's reign on earth because they gave up their lives for God will not face this final judgement and second death (Rev. 20:6).

A New Heaven and A New Earth (Ch 21, 22:1-5)

Chapter 21 1 Then I saw “a new heaven and a new earth,” for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. 2 I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Look! God’s dwelling place is now among the people, and he will dwell with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. 4 ‘He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death’ or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.”
5 He who was seated on the throne said, “I am making everything new!” Then he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”
6 He said to me: “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To the thirsty I will give water without cost from the spring of the water of life. 7 Those who are victorious will inherit all this, and I will be their God and they will be my children. 8 But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practice magic arts, the idolaters and all liars—they will be consigned to the fiery lake of burning sulfur. This is the second death.”

A Holy City, The New Jerusalem, descends from heaven. Those whose names are written in the Book of Life will live in this brilliant new city for ever. The new Jerusalem is also called a bride of Christ to indicate that he will be its ruler (The faithful Christians were the bride of Christ during his earthly reign. Ch 19:7-9).

Chapter 21 9 One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and said to me, “Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.” 10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a mountain great and high, and showed me the Holy City, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God. 11 It shone with the glory of God, and its brilliance was like that of a very precious jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal. 12 It had a great, high wall with twelve gates, and with twelve angels at the gates. On the gates were written the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. 13 There were three gates on the east, three on the north, three on the south and three on the west. 14 The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
15 The angel who talked with me had a measuring rod of gold to measure the city, its gates and its walls. 16 The city was laid out like a square, as long as it was wide. He measured the city with the rod and found it to be 12,000 stadia in length, and as wide and high as it is long. 17 The angel measured the wall using human measurement, and it was 144 cubits thick. 18 The wall was made of jasper, and the city of pure gold, as pure as glass. 19 The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald, 20 the fifth onyx, the sixth ruby, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth turquoise, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. 21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls, each gate made of a single pearl. The great street of the city was of gold, as pure as transparent glass.
22 I did not see a temple in the city, because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. 23 The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp. 24 The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their splendor into it. 25 On no day will its gates ever be shut, for there will be no night there. 26 The glory and honor of the nations will be brought into it. 27 Nothing impure will ever enter it, nor will anyone who does what is shameful or deceitful, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life.

We see the number 12 feature prominently in the heavenly realm. The 12 tribes of Israel and the 12 disciples seem to be types of the structure of this heavenly kingdom.

Chapter 22 1 Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb 2 down the middle of the great street of the city. On each side of the river stood the tree of life, bearing twelve crops of fruit, yielding its fruit every month. And the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations. 3 No longer will there be any curse. The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in the city, and his servants will serve him. 4 They will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads. 5 There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, for the Lord God will give them light. And they will reign for ever and ever.

God will once again be in the midst of mankind as He was in the Garden of Eden.

Epilogue (22:6-9)

Chapter 22 6 The angel said to me, “These words are trustworthy and true. The Lord, the God who inspires the prophets, sent his angel to show his servants the things that must soon take place.”
7 “Look, I am coming soon! Blessed is the one who keeps the words of the prophecy written in this scroll.”
8 I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I had heard and seen them, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who had been showing them to me. 9 But he said to me, “Don’t do that! I am a fellow servant with you and with your fellow prophets and with all who keep the words of this scroll. Worship God!”

Angelic dialogue can sometimes get confusing because they sometimes may talk as though they are the person they represent. For example, in verse 6 The angel acts as a sort of narrator. In verse 7, he talks as though he were Christ and when John falls at his feet, he talks as himself. It is quite possible that angels also acquire some of the visual characteristics of the being they represent while maintaining some of their own. This is an important consideration because, as we have seen in the Janus between Daniel 10 and Daniel 11 [6], it can significantly affect the meaning of the text.

5.4 Final Epilogue to the whole book (22:16-21)

This section falls outside the chiasmus but is included here for completeness.

Chapter 22 16 “I, Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star.”
17 The Spirit and the bride say, “Come!” And let the one who hears say, “Come!” Let the one who is thirsty come; and let the one who wishes take the free gift of the water of life.
18 I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this scroll: If anyone adds anything to them, God will add to that person the plagues described in this scroll. 19 And if anyone takes words away from this scroll of prophecy, God will take away from that person any share in the tree of life and in the Holy City, which are described in this scroll.
20 He who testifies to these things says, “Yes, I am coming soon.”
Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.
21 The grace of the Lord Jesus be with God’s people. Amen.

We believe that when the angel says "I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star.", he is speaking for himself. This angel, the coming Messiah, will be of the line of David like Jesus, and, as we have seen in our parse of Rev 2&3 [7] (Rev 2:28), he will be given the title: "Morning Star" .


Although this reconfiguration will aid in understanding this long passage (18 chapters), it remains a complex passage with many parallel narratives and complex imagery. This passage primarily gives us a detailed view of the events at the start and end of the millennial reign of Christ. However, it also touches on significant past events: The Fall of Satan and the Fall of Man, Christ's first coming and the End of the Old Covenant in 70AD. It spans the entirety of human existence on earth. Interestingly, although the last part of each period is set at 3 1/2 years, the length of the first part of each period remains unspecified - as a general rule, the duration of a period of tribulation may be known in advance but not its start date.

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3


[1] A Definition of Cryptochiasmus
[2] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Revelation 12
[3] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of "The Olivet Discourse" in Matthew 24
[4] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Daniel 10-12. Part 3: Daniel 12.
[5] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Joel
[6] A Chiastic Reconfiguration Of Daniel 10-12 Part 1: The Janus Chiasmus between Daniel 10 & 11
[7] A Chiastic Twist to Revelation 2-3

Related pages

Daniel 9
Mark 13
Luke 21
Luke 17:22-37