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An Exegesis Of Daniel 8 Based On A Novel Chiastic Reconfiguration Of The Text

Kuruvilla Thomas K.
Bangalore (5/3/2019)


Abstract

This study treats Daniel 8 as a "Functional Chiasmus" in order to arrive at a coherent reconfiguration of the text. Text that is arranged in the form of a functional chiasmus must be rearranged based on certain logical principles to be correctly interpreted. A functional chiasmus is a new concept; see definition here [1].

This study also contains an exegesis of the rearranged text. If you wish to skip the technicalities of a chiastic parse, you may read starting from Part 4 of the Discussion section, which has the reconfigured text.






Revelation 12 Timeline

Fig. 1


Introduction

Daniel 8 is, for the most part, a straightforward passage that has been interpreted later in the chapter by the angel Gabriel and convincingly expanded on by commentators - unlike the more complex passages like Daniel 9,11 and 12. However, Daniel is told to "seal up the vision" which, as we have seen from more complex passages like Daniel 9 [2], could mean that the text is obfuscated with a functional chiasmus. We will show that there is a small single-unit functional chiasmus in the text that helps explain the both the 2300 evenings and mornings and a confusing portion of the text. Unlike the chiastic passages we have seen so far that have 3 separate events interlaced into one narrative, this passage is one long sequence of events with a chiastic twist thrown in.


Discussion

1. Presuppositions

The idea behind this parse is that somewhere between verses 9-12, there is a single-unit functional chiasmus that helps explain the 2300 evenings and mornings prophecy by reordering the text so that it is in chronological sequence.Since this is a single-unit chiasmus, there are only 2 sections to this prophecy:

  1. The period extending from Alexander's conquest of Medo-Persia to the The First Jewish–Roman War (66–73 AD).
  2. The growth of the Roman Empire and end-time reign of the Antichrist.

2. Parsing the chiasmus

We will be using the NIV translation for this parse.

Parsing this chiasmus involves dividing portions of the text into Section 1 (Alexander's conquest to The First Jewish–Roman War) and Section 2 (The Antichrist's reign)

Categorizing Daniel 8:3-12

Vs 3-9 belong to Section 1. The period from Alexander's conquest of Medo-Persia to the beginning of the Roman Empire.

Vs 10-11a belong to Section 2 because it describes the Reign of the Antichrist circa 2000AD

Vs 11b-12a belong to Section 1. The period of The First Jewish–Roman War (66-73AD)

Vs 12b belongs to Section 2. Additional information on the Reign of the Antichrist circa 2000


Original text

We color-code the chiastic units of the original text (NIV) below for easy visual identification using: red Section 1 and blue for Section 2


Daniel 8:3-12 3 I looked up, and there before me was a ram with two horns, standing beside the canal, and the horns were long. One of the horns was longer than the other but grew up later. 4 I watched the ram as it charged toward the west and the north and the south. No animal could stand against it, and none could rescue from its power. It did as it pleased and became great.
5 As I was thinking about this, suddenly a goat with a prominent horn between its eyes came from the west, crossing the whole earth without touching the ground. 6 It came toward the two-horned ram I had seen standing beside the canal and charged at it in great rage. 7 I saw it attack the ram furiously, striking the ram and shattering its two horns. The ram was powerless to stand against it; the goat knocked it to the ground and trampled on it, and none could rescue the ram from its power. 8 The goat became very great, but at the height of its power the large horn was broken off, and in its place four prominent horns grew up toward the four winds of heaven.
9 Out of one of them came another horn, which started small but grew in power to the south and to the east and toward the Beautiful Land.


10 It grew until it reached the host of the heavens, and it threw some of the starry host down to the earth and trampled on them. 11a It set itself up to be as great as the commander of the army of the Lord.
11b it took away the daily sacrifice from the Lord, and his sanctuary was thrown down. 12a Because of rebellion, the Lord’s people and the daily sacrifice were given over to it.
12b It prospered in everything it did, and truth was thrown to the ground.



3. Build the reconfigured text

From this parse, it appears that Daniel 8:3-12 forms a Functional chiasmus as below:

3-9 Can be placed outside the chiasmus for now.

A1   10-11a Section 2. Reign of the Antichrist circa 2000AD
  X   11b-12a Section 1. The period of The First Jewish–Roman War (66-73AD)
A2   12b Section 2. Reign of the Antichrist circa 2000AD

We now reconstruct the phrases in the right order based on the chiastic structure above and based on the ordering rules of a functional chiasmus [1].

We lead with central pivot point 'X'. The corresponding subunits (For example; subunit A1 corresponds to A2) are placed contiguously to form units (For example, A1,A2 is a unit ).


The sequence selected for rearrangement is:

X  [A1,A2]        (1)

Adding in verses 3-9 and translating (1) into verse numbers, we get:

[3-9]  [11b-12a]   [[10-11a], 12b]        (2)

We arrive at the reconfigured passage in the next section by rearranging the verses so they are in sequence (2).



4. Daniel 8:3-12 Reconfigured

Section 1. From Alexander's conquest to The First Jewish–Roman War [3].
3 I looked up, and there before me was a ram with two horns, standing beside the canal, and the horns were long. One of the horns was longer than the other but grew up later. 4 I watched the ram as it charged toward the west and the north and the south. No animal could stand against it, and none could rescue from its power. It did as it pleased and became great.
5 As I was thinking about this, suddenly a goat with a prominent horn between its eyes came from the west, crossing the whole earth without touching the ground. 6 It came toward the two-horned ram I had seen standing beside the canal and charged at it in great rage. 7 I saw it attack the ram furiously, striking the ram and shattering its two horns. The ram was powerless to stand against it; the goat knocked it to the ground and trampled on it, and none could rescue the ram from its power. 8 The goat became very great, but at the height of its power the large horn was broken off, and in its place four prominent horns grew up toward the four winds of heaven.
9 Out of one of them came another horn, which started small but grew in power to the south and to the east and toward the Beautiful Land.

11b it took away the daily sacrifice from the Lord, and his sanctuary was thrown down. 12a Because of rebellion, the Lord’s people and the daily sacrifice were given over to it.

Section 2. The Reign of the Antichrist C. 2000
10 It grew until it reached the host of the heavens, and it threw some of the starry host down to the earth and trampled on them. 11a It set itself up to be as great as the commander of the army of the Lord.
12b It prospered in everything it did, and truth was thrown to the ground.



5. An exegesis of the reconfigured text.

The passage has been split into 2 sections as above for analysis. In addition, we will analyse the vision of the 2300 evenings and mornings.

5.1 Section 1. From Alexander's conquest to The First Jewish–Roman War

3 I looked up, and there before me was a ram with two horns, standing beside the canal, and the horns were long. One of the horns was longer than the other but grew up later. 4 I watched the ram as it charged toward the west and the north and the south. No animal could stand against it, and none could rescue from its power. It did as it pleased and became great.

We know from verse 20 that the ram with two horns represents Medo-Persia. The higher horn represents the more powerful Persia.



5 As I was thinking about this, suddenly a goat with a prominent horn between its eyes came from the west, crossing the whole earth without touching the ground. 6 It came toward the two-horned ram I had seen standing beside the canal and charged at it in great rage. 7 I saw it attack the ram furiously, striking the ram and shattering its two horns. The ram was powerless to stand against it; the goat knocked it to the ground and trampled on it, and none could rescue the ram from its power.


Verse 21 interprets the goat as the Greece, which makes Alexander the Great the large horn. Alexander defeats Persia circa 330 BC. His attack on Persia was a furious retaliation for Xerxes' earlier expedition to Greece and the destruction of Athens.



8 The goat became very great, but at the height of its power the large horn was broken off, and in its place four prominent horns grew up toward the four winds of heaven..


On Alexander's death in 323BC, his empire was divided among his generals into 4 kingdoms, the Diadochi. From verse 22 we know that the 4 horns represent these 4 kingdoms.



9 Out of one of them came another horn, which started small but grew in power to the south and to the east and toward the Beautiful Land.


The Grecian empire gradually ceded its power to the Roman Empire.



11b it took away the daily sacrifice from the Lord, and his sanctuary was thrown down. 12a Because of rebellion, the Lord’s people and the daily sacrifice were given over to it. ..


The Romans attacked and extirpated Jerusalem in The First Jewish–Roman War (66-73AD). The temple was destroyed in the summer of 70AD effectively stopping the daily sacrifice and the Judahites living there were allowed to be killed because they refused to believe in Jesus. Please see our paper on the 70 weeks of Daniel for details [2]. We see this event, the sacking of Jerusalem, mentioned in all the chiastically arranged prophecies we have seen so far, probably because it signals the complete end of the old covenant.



5.2 Section 2. The Reign of the Antichrist C. 2000

10 It grew until it reached the host of the heavens, and it threw some of the starry host down to the earth and trampled on them. 11a It set itself up to be as great as the commander of the army of the Lord.
12b It prospered in everything it did, and truth was thrown to the ground.

Section 2 continues with the story of the Roman state that grew into a mighty empire. History tells us that the Roman Empire declined and fell around 500AD but, in reality, it covertly morphed into the Roman Catholic Church which has its seat of power at the Vatican. This Church has grown to become a terrifyingly powerful, wealthy corporation that controls the whole world through intermediaries, vassal states and secret societies. While it maintains a veneer of Christianity, its real religion is paganism or Satan worship (hence Great Whore of Rev. 17) which requires it to perform all kinds of depraved acts against humanity. The Vatican has massacred true Christian saints with barbarous cruelty through the ages(Rev. 17:6), most famously during the inquisition, and will ramp up its campaign to destroy Christianity in the last days. It is a deceiver that spreads misinformation of all kinds in all areas of human endeavour (religion, science, politics, history, culture...) to suit its purpose while carefully hiding its influence and machinations from the majority. It is the best candidate for the entity that births the Antichrist.
Verses 23-25 give us more information on this Antichrist system and its eventual fall. We know this refers to the Antichrist because verse 23 tells us that he will "take his stand against the Prince of princes"


5.3 The vision of the 2300 evenings and mornings.

13 Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to him, “How long will it take for the vision to be fulfilled—the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, the rebellion that causes desolation, the surrender of the sanctuary and the trampling underfoot of the Lord’s people?”

Although only certain parts of the vision are mentioned in this question, we take the question to refer to the timespan of the whole vision - a synecdoche of sorts.


14 He said to me, “It will take 2,300 evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary will be reconsecrated.”

26 “The vision of the evenings and mornings that has been given you is true, but seal up the vision, for it concerns the distant future.”

We take the 2300 evenings and mornings to specify the timespan of the entire vision spanning both sections. So 2300 evening and mornings would have to represent 2300 years - perhaps with the evenings and mornings figuratively representing fall and spring. The first event that can be assigned a date in the vision appears to be Alexander's defeat of Persia circa 330BC. So adding 2300 years to that gets us to around 2000AD when we can expect the arrival of the Antichrist. This fits with verse 26 which tells us “The vision of the evenings and mornings... concerns the distant future.”

Note that because of the large time period involved, we believe 2300 years to be an approximate timespan rounded down to the nearest century. Also, we are not clear on the meaning of the "the sanctuary will be reconsecrated" but because this is a future event we will defer speculation on it.




Conclusion

Why do we see Daniel 2,7 and 8, 11&12 repeatedly chart a succession of the same great empires: Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece and Rome to the exclusion of all the other great empires of the world? It may be that the Bible is Israel-oriented in its focus and the actions of these empires directly affected the Israelites. We'd like to suggest another possible reason: to follow the bloodlines.

Powerful Satanic bloodlines from ancient Babylon, maybe from Nimrod, acquired powerful leadership roles in these empires. (These bloodlines are a Satanic counter to the holy bloodlines that gave us Abraham, David and Jesus; the detailed Biblical listing of their genealogies tell us that bloodlines matter.) These Satanic lines gradually moved westward from Babylon and Persia to Rome and the modern "West", with their headquarters at the Vatican, taking with them their legendary wealth and power and their esoteric mystery knowledge. In order to maintain their power and wealth, they must do filthy and abominable things to themselves and others as worship to Satan. For example, the paedophilia you may see in the Catholic Church is not an aberration but central to their worship. So the end-times Great Whore of Revelation 17 with her cup of filth is called "Mystery Babylon" because of her strong, secret connections to ancient Babylon. The descendants of these bloodlines now control the Vatican, the "western" world and, through "west", the whole world (Rev. 17:18). The great western world empires - British, French etc.- were created to consolidate world power in the hands of these elite bloodlines and although most former colonies have ostensibly gained independence, they are still controlled by the Vatican through back-doored institutions like their Central Banks.

These "elite" bloodlines will for a short time have totalitarian control of the globe when the Antichrist emerges from their ranks.




References

[1] A Definition of Functional Chiasmus - by Kuruvilla Thomas K.
[2] An Exegesis Of "The 70 Weeks Of Daniel" Based On A Novel Chiastic Reconfiguration - by Kuruvilla Thomas K.
[3] First Jewish–Roman War (66–73 CE) by Wikipedia.






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